Country Profile - Canada      IFs Version 7.78
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Canada
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Canada -
Population - Million People - -
     2021: 37.88
     2030: 40.48
     2060: 45.42
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2021: 0.820
     2030: 0.650
     2060: 0.326
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2021: 10.13
     2030: 9.715
     2060: 9.431
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2021: 8.132
     2030: 9.062
     2060: 11.59
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2021: 4.314
     2030: 3.377
     2060: 1.703
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2021: 82.06
     2030: 83.04
     2060: 85.78
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2021: 80.01
     2030: 80.91
     2060: 83.52
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2021: 84.07
     2030: 85.12
     2060: 87.96
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2021: 1.487
     2030: 1.553
     2060: 1.674
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2021: 0.185
     2030: 0.159
     2060: 0.052
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2021: 1.881
     2030: 1.976
     2060: 2.120
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2021: 5.993
     2030: 6.035
     2060: 6.494
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2021: 25.12
     2030: 25.40
     2060: 26.79
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2021: 6.764
     2030: 9.047
     2060: 12.14
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2021: 31.14
     2030: 34.11
     2060: 39.76
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2021: 0.543
     2030: 0.521
     2060: 0.498
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2021: 48.29
     2030: 49.40
     2060: 49.98

Health Forecast for Canada -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2021: 31.91
     2030: 33.29
     2060: 34.58
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2021: 15.35
     2030: 14.59
     2060: 14.55
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2021: 1.971
     2030: 1.878
     2060: 1.808
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2021: 2.264
     2030: 2.427
     2060: 3.272
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2021: 2.269
     2030: 1.872
     2060: 1.335

Education Forecast for Canada -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2021: 100.4
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2021: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 108.8
     2030: 105.3
     2060: 101.1
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 114.0
     2030: 109.7
     2060: 102.4
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 69.74
     2030: 72.91
     2060: 77.02
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2021: 12.62
     2030: 12.87
     2060: 13.65
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2021: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Canada
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2021: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2021: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2021: 0.990
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2021: 1.210
     2030: 1.109
     2060: 0.842
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2021: 3,531
     2030: 3,610
     2060: 3,682
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2021: 1.103
     2030: 1.120
     2060: 1.116
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2021: 1.528
     2030: 1.555
     2060: 1.623

Economy Forecast for Canada
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 1,702
     2030: 2,081
     2060: 3,283
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 2,099
     2030: 2,512
     2060: 3,695
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 44.93
     2030: 51.41
     2060: 72.27
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2021: 0.335
     2030: 0.336
     2060: 0.333
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2021: 46.12
     2030: 41.07
     2060: 37.24
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2021: 57.28
     2030: 59.36
     2060: 65.30

Energy Forecast for Canada
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2021: 1.362
     2030: 1.706
     2060: 0.529

Environment Forecast for Canada
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2021: 0.149
     2030: 0.152
     2060: 0.074

International Politics Forecast for Canada
Diplomacy, Military, and Economic (DiME) Power Index - Index - -
     2021: 1.746
     2030: 1.677
     2060: 1.374

Domestic Government Forecast for Canada
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2021: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2021: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2021: 8.837
     2030: 9.690
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2021: 4.295
     2030: 4.339
     2060: 4.484
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2021: 8.093
     2030: 8.151
     2060: 8.345