Country Profile - Canada      IFs Version 7.79
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Canada
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Canada -
Population - Million People - -
     2022: 38.26
     2030: 40.75
     2060: 46.67
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2022: 0.876
     2030: 0.646
     2060: 0.366
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2022: 10.14
     2030: 9.653
     2060: 9.587
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2022: 8.196
     2030: 9.008
     2060: 11.29
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2022: 4.135
     2030: 3.387
     2060: 1.707
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2022: 82.21
     2030: 83.02
     2060: 85.77
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2022: 80.16
     2030: 80.90
     2060: 83.51
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2022: 84.23
     2030: 85.11
     2060: 87.96
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2022: 1.499
     2030: 1.553
     2060: 1.674
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2022: 0.183
     2030: 0.159
     2060: 0.052
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2022: 1.938
     2030: 2.028
     2060: 2.265
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2022: 6.117
     2030: 6.289
     2060: 6.999
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2022: 25.15
     2030: 25.42
     2060: 27.52
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2022: 6.997
     2030: 9.047
     2060: 12.15
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2022: 31.49
     2030: 34.11
     2060: 40.08
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2022: 0.541
     2030: 0.521
     2060: 0.501
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2022: 48.48
     2030: 49.40
     2060: 49.98

Health Forecast for Canada -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2022: 32.22
     2030: 33.26
     2060: 34.56
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2022: 15.17
     2030: 14.59
     2060: 14.56
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2022: 1.944
     2030: 1.881
     2060: 1.809
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2022: 2.201
     2030: 2.446
     2060: 3.277
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2022: 2.185
     2030: 1.876
     2060: 1.337

Education Forecast for Canada -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2022: 100.2
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2022: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 108.6
     2030: 105.3
     2060: 101.1
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 113.6
     2030: 109.7
     2060: 102.4
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 70.16
     2030: 72.60
     2060: 76.68
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2022: 12.65
     2030: 12.86
     2060: 13.64
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2022: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Canada
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2022: 0.049
     2030: 0.038
     2060: 0.011
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2022: 0.049
     2030: 0.038
     2060: 0.011
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2022: 0.993
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2022: 1.190
     2030: 1.111
     2060: 0.842
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2022: 3,549
     2030: 3,609
     2060: 3,681
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2022: 1.107
     2030: 1.120
     2060: 1.114
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2022: 1.534
     2030: 1.555
     2060: 1.623

Economy Forecast for Canada
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 1,789
     2030: 2,085
     2060: 3,359
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 2,202
     2030: 2,516
     2060: 3,781
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 46.77
     2030: 51.15
     2060: 71.98
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2022: 0.337
     2030: 0.336
     2060: 0.333
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2022: 46.18
     2030: 41.23
     2060: 37.35
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2022: 57.81
     2030: 58.99
     2060: 64.92

Energy Forecast for Canada
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2022: 1.422
     2030: 1.709
     2060: 0.536

Environment Forecast for Canada
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2022: 0.149
     2030: 0.153
     2060: 0.076

International Politics Forecast for Canada
Diplomacy, Military, and Economic (DiME) Power Index - Index - -
     2022: 1.751
     2030: 1.677
     2060: 1.394

Domestic Government Forecast for Canada
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2022: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2022: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2022: 9.069
     2030: 9.659
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2022: 4.315
     2030: 4.336
     2060: 4.482
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2022: 8.112
     2030: 8.148
     2060: 8.343