Country Profile - Canada      IFs Version 7.58
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Canada
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Canada -
Population - Million People - -
     2021: 37.96
     2030: 40.47
     2060: 45.04
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2021: 0.847
     2030: 0.629
     2060: 0.283
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2021: 10.86
     2030: 10.01
     2060: 9.829
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2021: 8.415
     2030: 9.372
     2060: 11.41
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2021: 4.260
     2030: 3.402
     2060: 1.763
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2021: 82.06
     2030: 82.95
     2060: 85.62
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2021: 80.00
     2030: 80.80
     2060: 83.33
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2021: 84.09
     2030: 85.06
     2060: 87.83
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2021: 1.612
     2030: 1.649
     2060: 1.739
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2021: 0.186
     2030: 0.159
     2060: 0.052
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2021: 2.006
     2030: 2.044
     2060: 2.205
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2021: 6.106
     2030: 6.313
     2060: 6.743
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2021: 24.77
     2030: 24.91
     2060: 26.34
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2021: 7.087
     2030: 9.249
     2060: 11.97
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2021: 30.66
     2030: 33.01
     2060: 37.89
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2021: 0.536
     2030: 0.515
     2060: 0.496
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2021: 48.45
     2030: 49.41
     2060: 49.98

Health Forecast for Canada -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2021: 34.43
     2030: 35.42
     2060: 35.82
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2021: 15.08
     2030: 14.74
     2060: 14.62
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2021: 1.957
     2030: 1.901
     2060: 1.893
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2021: 2.231
     2030: 2.655
     2060: 3.178
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2021: 2.107
     2030: 1.814
     2060: 1.419

Education Forecast for Canada -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2021: 100.1
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2021: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 101.2
     2030: 98.99
     2060: 99.38
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 114.2
     2030: 108.1
     2060: 101.2
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 66.63
     2030: 68.49
     2060: 72.09
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2021: 12.70
     2030: 12.94
     2060: 13.70
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2021: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Canada
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2021: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2021: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2021: 0.989
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2021: 1.286
     2030: 1.199
     2060: 0.921
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2021: 3,485
     2030: 3,538
     2060: 3,559
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2021: 1.108
     2030: 1.118
     2060: 1.098
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2021: 1.534
     2030: 1.553
     2060: 1.603

Economy Forecast for Canada
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 1,667
     2030: 1,974
     2060: 2,966
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 2,035
     2030: 2,359
     2060: 3,314
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 43.93
     2030: 48.77
     2060: 65.84
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2021: 0.333
     2030: 0.331
     2060: 0.328
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2021: 44.25
     2030: 39.50
     2060: 36.26
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2021: 58.17
     2030: 59.00
     2060: 62.96

Energy Forecast for Canada
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2021: 1.484
     2030: 1.719
     2060: 0.452

Environment Forecast for Canada
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2021: 0.149
     2030: 0.147
     2060: 0.064

International Politics Forecast for Canada
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2021: 1.188
     2030: 1.198
     2060: 1.114

Domestic Government Forecast for Canada
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2021: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2021: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2021: 8.815
     2030: 9.455
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2021: 4.248
     2030: 4.275
     2060: 4.396
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2021: 8.033
     2030: 8.075
     2060: 8.241