Country Profile - South Africa      IFs Version 7.79
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     Forecast Categories for South Africa
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for South Africa -
Population - Million People - -
     2022: 60.71
     2030: 65.73
     2060: 76.34
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2022: 1.147
     2030: 0.830
     2060: 0.223
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2022: 19.38
     2030: 17.22
     2060: 13.05
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2022: 9.910
     2030: 10.09
     2060: 11.56
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2022: 26.68
     2030: 25.22
     2060: 19.31
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2022: 63.48
     2030: 65.16
     2060: 70.99
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2022: 60.34
     2030: 61.60
     2060: 66.85
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2022: 66.53
     2030: 68.63
     2060: 74.92
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2022: 2.335
     2030: 2.176
     2060: 1.900
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2022: 13.27
     2030: 14.11
     2060: 14.91
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2022: 5.844
     2030: 5.594
     2060: 4.958
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2022: 17.53
     2030: 17.23
     2060: 15.10
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2022: 39.59
     2030: 43.72
     2060: 49.66
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2022: 3.595
     2030: 4.779
     2060: 11.58
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2022: 41.63
     2030: 47.75
     2060: 60.79
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2022: 0.400
     2030: 0.401
     2060: 0.377
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2022: 46.49
     2030: 47.89
     2060: 49.69

Health Forecast for South Africa -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2022: 30.43
     2030: 31.70
     2060: 35.31
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2022: 18.92
     2030: 19.07
     2060: 20.60
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2022: 5.032
     2030: 4.741
     2060: 3.761
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2022: 5.628
     2030: 4.046
     2060: 2.189
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2022: 5.134
     2030: 4.403
     2060: 2.771

Education Forecast for South Africa -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2022: 101.9
     2030: 104.6
     2060: 101.3
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2022: 87.59
     2030: 91.71
     2060: 99.85
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 100.8
     2030: 101.4
     2060: 100.8
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 105.8
     2030: 107.2
     2060: 107.8
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 23.80
     2030: 27.53
     2060: 43.17
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2022: 9.983
     2030: 10.15
     2060: 10.87
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2022: 88.35
     2030: 90.18
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for South Africa
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2022: 1.287
     2030: 1.258
     2060: 0.797
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2022: 5.846
     2030: 5.870
     2060: 4.474
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2022: 0.773
     2030: 0.792
     2060: 0.869
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2022: 12.90
     2030: 11.34
     2060: 6.663
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2022: 3,027
     2030: 3,098
     2060: 3,282
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2022: 0.077
     2030: 0.057
     2060: -0.070
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2022: -0.347
     2030: -0.301
     2060: -0.108

Economy Forecast for South Africa
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 709.0
     2030: 813.6
     2060: 1,184
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 461.1
     2030: 536.7
     2060: 864.4
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 11.68
     2030: 12.38
     2060: 15.50
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2022: 0.629
     2030: 0.629
     2060: 0.618
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2022: 39.39
     2030: 29.41
     2060: 12.92
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2022: 19.17
     2030: 20.91
     2060: 32.76

Energy Forecast for South Africa
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2022: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for South Africa
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2022: 0.131
     2030: 0.134
     2060: 0.070

International Politics Forecast for South Africa
Diplomacy, Military, and Economic (DiME) Power Index - Index - -
     2022: 0.393
     2030: 0.368
     2060: 0.337

Domestic Government Forecast for South Africa
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2022: 12.05
     2030: 12.14
     2060: 12.71
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2022: 19.56
     2030: 19.84
     2060: 19.93
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2022: 4.151
     2030: 4.356
     2060: 5.132
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2022: 2.785
     2030: 2.866
     2060: 3.160
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2022: 6.602
     2030: 6.634
     2060: 6.754