Country Profile - Romania      IFs Version 7.78
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     Forecast Categories for Romania
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Romania -
Population - Million People - -
     2021: 19.10
     2030: 18.32
     2060: 15.40
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2021: -0.554
     2030: -0.505
     2060: -0.656
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2021: 10.31
     2030: 9.232
     2060: 9.290
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2021: 13.30
     2030: 13.73
     2060: 15.24
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2021: 6.914
     2030: 5.968
     2060: 4.099
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2021: 75.85
     2030: 77.27
     2060: 81.55
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2021: 72.15
     2030: 73.53
     2060: 77.86
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2021: 79.36
     2030: 80.83
     2060: 85.05
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2021: 1.781
     2030: 1.737
     2060: 1.794
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2021: 0.078
     2030: 0.067
     2060: 0.022
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2021: 0.988
     2030: 0.864
     2060: 0.730
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2021: 3.015
     2030: 2.775
     2060: 2.281
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2021: 12.49
     2030: 11.73
     2060: 8.651
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2021: 3.596
     2030: 3.822
     2060: 4.471
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2021: 10.54
     2030: 10.40
     2060: 9.312
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2021: 0.458
     2030: 0.456
     2060: 0.423
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2021: 44.40
     2030: 46.29
     2060: 49.06

Health Forecast for Romania -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2021: 13.49
     2030: 14.42
     2060: 14.91
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2021: 30.46
     2030: 30.55
     2060: 28.00
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2021: 3.318
     2030: 3.030
     2060: 2.573
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2021: 2.849
     2030: 0.362
     2060: 0.494
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2021: 2.169
     2030: 1.740
     2060: 1.264

Education Forecast for Romania -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2021: 93.52
     2030: 97.30
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2021: 87.78
     2030: 93.99
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 96.79
     2030: 104.5
     2060: 102.6
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 87.12
     2030: 96.52
     2060: 100.7
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 49.92
     2030: 54.78
     2060: 67.34
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2021: 10.58
     2030: 10.96
     2060: 12.61
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2021: 99.00
     2030: 99.61
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Romania
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2021: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2021: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2021: 0.921
     2030: 0.941
     2060: 0.991
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2021: 1.659
     2030: 1.429
     2060: 1.088
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2021: 3,574
     2030: 3,661
     2060: 3,705
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2021: -0.227
     2030: -0.174
     2060: 0.093
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2021: -1.353
     2030: -1.235
     2060: -0.815

Economy Forecast for Romania
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 484.9
     2030: 562.0
     2060: 735.4
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 260.4
     2030: 344.3
     2060: 585.4
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 25.38
     2030: 30.67
     2060: 47.74
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2021: 0.358
     2030: 0.358
     2060: 0.341
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2021: 30.42
     2030: 30.15
     2060: 24.79
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2021: 37.19
     2030: 40.66
     2060: 51.23

Energy Forecast for Romania
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2021: 0.027
     2030: 0.019
     2060: 0.002

Environment Forecast for Romania
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2021: 0.021
     2030: 0.023
     2060: 0.012

International Politics Forecast for Romania
Diplomacy, Military, and Economic (DiME) Power Index - Index - -
     2021: 0.337
     2030: 0.336
     2060: 0.319

Domestic Government Forecast for Romania
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2021: 12.14
     2030: 12.45
     2060: 13.60
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2021: 19.31
     2030: 19.47
     2060: 19.49
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2021: 3.960
     2030: 4.817
     2060: 7.552
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2021: 2.453
     2030: 2.697
     2060: 3.374
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2021: 7.740
     2030: 7.844
     2060: 8.079