Country Profile - Romania      IFs Version 7.58
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     Forecast Categories for Romania
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Romania -
Population - Million People - -
     2021: 19.16
     2030: 18.08
     2060: 14.57
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2021: -0.670
     2030: -0.636
     2060: -0.821
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2021: 8.849
     2030: 8.438
     2060: 8.342
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2021: 13.64
     2030: 14.01
     2060: 16.13
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2021: 7.125
     2030: 5.904
     2060: 3.853
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2021: 75.98
     2030: 77.58
     2060: 82.11
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2021: 72.30
     2030: 73.87
     2060: 78.48
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2021: 79.47
     2030: 81.10
     2060: 85.53
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2021: 1.548
     2030: 1.573
     2060: 1.690
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2021: 0.076
     2030: 0.065
     2060: 0.021
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2021: 0.893
     2030: 0.774
     2060: 0.616
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2021: 2.897
     2030: 2.487
     2060: 1.927
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2021: 12.49
     2030: 11.74
     2060: 8.136
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2021: 3.774
     2030: 3.856
     2060: 4.510
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2021: 10.62
     2030: 10.39
     2060: 9.026
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2021: 0.451
     2030: 0.451
     2060: 0.412
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2021: 44.62
     2030: 46.37
     2060: 49.02

Health Forecast for Romania -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2021: 13.76
     2030: 14.73
     2060: 15.12
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2021: 30.44
     2030: 30.78
     2060: 27.81
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2021: 3.195
     2030: 2.917
     2060: 2.519
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2021: 2.873
     2030: 0.635
     2060: 0.902
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2021: 1.922
     2030: 1.522
     2060: 1.105

Education Forecast for Romania -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2021: 96.72
     2030: 99.17
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2021: 91.61
     2030: 96.70
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 101.2
     2030: 104.7
     2060: 102.1
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 87.06
     2030: 98.86
     2060: 100.5
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 48.47
     2030: 50.66
     2060: 61.60
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2021: 10.87
     2030: 11.36
     2060: 13.11
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2021: 99.21
     2030: 99.85
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Romania
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2021: 0.648
     2030: 0.266
     2060: 0.011
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2021: 0.717
     2030: 0.299
     2060: 0.013
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2021: 0.917
     2030: 0.942
     2060: 0.997
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2021: 1.618
     2030: 1.381
     2060: 1.048
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2021: 3,546
     2030: 3,634
     2060: 3,668
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2021: -0.216
     2030: -0.157
     2060: 0.109
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2021: -1.326
     2030: -1.200
     2060: -0.786

Economy Forecast for Romania
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 444.7
     2030: 536.6
     2060: 737.8
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 252.9
     2030: 355.2
     2060: 607.6
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 23.21
     2030: 29.68
     2060: 50.62
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2021: 0.360
     2030: 0.358
     2060: 0.328
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2021: 29.62
     2030: 28.16
     2060: 32.15
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2021: 38.80
     2030: 43.58
     2060: 54.65

Energy Forecast for Romania
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2021: 0.026
     2030: 0.017
     2060: 0.002

Environment Forecast for Romania
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2021: 0.021
     2030: 0.022
     2060: 0.008

International Politics Forecast for Romania
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2021: 0.276
     2030: 0.278
     2060: 0.235

Domestic Government Forecast for Romania
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2021: 12.24
     2030: 12.65
     2060: 13.92
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2021: 19.41
     2030: 19.53
     2060: 19.57
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2021: 4.074
     2030: 5.031
     2060: 8.143
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2021: 2.608
     2030: 2.868
     2060: 3.541
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2021: 7.728
     2030: 7.862
     2060: 8.144