Country Profile - Romania      IFs Version 7.79
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     Forecast Categories for Romania
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Romania -
Population - Million People - -
     2022: 18.96
     2030: 18.28
     2060: 15.28
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2022: -0.464
     2030: -0.508
     2060: -0.672
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2022: 10.09
     2030: 9.250
     2060: 9.275
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2022: 13.40
     2030: 13.76
     2060: 15.37
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2022: 6.731
     2030: 5.961
     2060: 4.109
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2022: 76.04
     2030: 77.28
     2060: 81.53
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2022: 72.33
     2030: 73.53
     2060: 77.84
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2022: 79.56
     2030: 80.83
     2060: 85.04
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2022: 1.767
     2030: 1.737
     2060: 1.794
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2022: 0.077
     2030: 0.067
     2060: 0.022
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2022: 0.999
     2030: 0.862
     2060: 0.721
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2022: 2.962
     2030: 2.737
     2060: 2.242
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2022: 12.34
     2030: 11.72
     2060: 8.569
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2022: 3.662
     2030: 3.823
     2060: 4.469
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2022: 10.53
     2030: 10.40
     2060: 9.283
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2022: 0.457
     2030: 0.456
     2060: 0.422
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2022: 44.65
     2030: 46.29
     2060: 49.06

Health Forecast for Romania -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2022: 13.70
     2030: 14.43
     2060: 14.92
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2022: 30.45
     2030: 30.55
     2060: 28.02
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2022: 3.256
     2030: 3.027
     2060: 2.572
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2022: 2.455
     2030: 0.377
     2060: 0.488
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2022: 2.071
     2030: 1.733
     2060: 1.259

Education Forecast for Romania -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2022: 94.21
     2030: 97.30
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2022: 88.55
     2030: 94.00
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 98.98
     2030: 104.5
     2060: 102.6
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 87.19
     2030: 96.45
     2060: 100.7
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 50.20
     2030: 54.95
     2060: 67.37
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2022: 10.62
     2030: 10.96
     2060: 12.61
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2022: 99.06
     2030: 99.61
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Romania
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2022: 0.013
     2030: 0.005
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2022: 0.013
     2030: 0.005
     2060: 0.000
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2022: 0.924
     2030: 0.941
     2060: 0.990
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2022: 1.618
     2030: 1.427
     2060: 1.088
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2022: 3,594
     2030: 3,662
     2060: 3,706
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2022: -0.221
     2030: -0.174
     2060: 0.091
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2022: -1.340
     2030: -1.235
     2060: -0.819

Economy Forecast for Romania
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 499.8
     2030: 561.5
     2060: 726.6
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 273.0
     2030: 344.3
     2060: 578.4
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 26.36
     2030: 30.72
     2060: 47.55
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2022: 0.359
     2030: 0.357
     2060: 0.340
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2022: 30.61
     2030: 30.18
     2060: 24.41
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2022: 37.79
     2030: 40.84
     2060: 51.27

Energy Forecast for Romania
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2022: 0.026
     2030: 0.019
     2060: 0.002

Environment Forecast for Romania
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2022: 0.021
     2030: 0.023
     2060: 0.012

International Politics Forecast for Romania
Diplomacy, Military, and Economic (DiME) Power Index - Index - -
     2022: 0.335
     2030: 0.336
     2060: 0.316

Domestic Government Forecast for Romania
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2022: 12.19
     2030: 12.46
     2060: 13.60
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2022: 19.41
     2030: 19.48
     2060: 19.49
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2022: 4.111
     2030: 4.823
     2060: 7.530
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2022: 2.493
     2030: 2.698
     2060: 3.371
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2022: 7.761
     2030: 7.845
     2060: 8.077