Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 7.79
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2022: 46.59
     2030: 45.70
     2060: 38.69
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2022: -0.158
     2030: -0.311
     2060: -0.947
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2022: 7.653
     2030: 7.022
     2060: 6.903
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2022: 9.666
     2030: 10.62
     2060: 17.21
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2022: 2.296
     2030: 1.837
     2060: 0.944
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2022: 83.41
     2030: 84.10
     2060: 86.34
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2022: 80.57
     2030: 81.25
     2060: 83.44
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2022: 86.15
     2030: 86.86
     2060: 89.07
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2022: 1.327
     2030: 1.393
     2060: 1.570
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2022: 0.238
     2030: 0.181
     2060: 0.036
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2022: 1.928
     2030: 1.642
     2060: 1.365
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2022: 6.691
     2030: 5.454
     2060: 4.441
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2022: 30.58
     2030: 29.36
     2060: 20.19
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2022: 9.314
     2030: 10.89
     2060: 14.06
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2022: 38.00
     2030: 38.37
     2060: 33.38
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2022: 0.493
     2030: 0.480
     2060: 0.416
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2022: 47.56
     2030: 48.75
     2060: 49.90

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2022: 25.76
     2030: 27.01
     2060: 29.34
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2022: 29.96
     2030: 29.18
     2060: 26.72
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2022: 3.416
     2030: 3.261
     2060: 2.756
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2022: 4.350
     2030: 5.652
     2060: 6.968
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2022: 2.213
     2030: 1.892
     2060: 1.315

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2022: 101.1
     2030: 100.2
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2022: 98.95
     2030: 100.00
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 118.9
     2030: 112.2
     2060: 102.4
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 121.4
     2030: 113.4
     2060: 102.1
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2022: 85.82
     2030: 85.12
     2060: 80.64
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2022: 10.90
     2030: 11.46
     2060: 13.06
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2022: 98.88
     2030: 99.48
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2022: 0.054
     2030: 0.018
     2060: 0.001
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2022: 0.054
     2030: 0.018
     2060: 0.001
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2022: 0.981
     2030: 0.992
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2022: 1.422
     2030: 1.481
     2060: 1.052
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2022: 3,330
     2030: 3,405
     2060: 3,541
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2022: 0.834
     2030: 0.906
     2060: 1.023
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2022: 0.461
     2030: 0.577
     2060: 0.820

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 1,667
     2030: 1,779
     2060: 1,841
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 1,655
     2030: 1,767
     2060: 1,833
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2022: 35.77
     2030: 38.92
     2060: 47.60
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2022: 0.344
     2030: 0.339
     2060: 0.313
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2022: 40.83
     2030: 37.09
     2060: 33.88
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2022: 49.89
     2030: 52.06
     2060: 54.53

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2022: 0.002
     2030: 0.002
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2022: 0.055
     2030: 0.049
     2060: 0.022

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Diplomacy, Military, and Economic (DiME) Power Index - Index - -
     2022: 1.165
     2030: 1.031
     2060: 0.626

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2022: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2022: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2022: 6.494
     2030: 7.024
     2060: 8.623
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2022: 3.663
     2030: 3.740
     2060: 3.955
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2022: 7.569
     2030: 7.610
     2060: 7.709