Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 7.58
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2021: 45.67
     2030: 44.19
     2060: 37.36
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2021: -0.359
     2030: -0.368
     2060: -0.883
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2021: 7.432
     2030: 6.883
     2060: 7.176
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2021: 10.03
     2030: 11.13
     2060: 17.57
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2021: 2.269
     2030: 1.764
     2060: 0.908
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2021: 83.44
     2030: 84.19
     2060: 86.42
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2021: 80.67
     2030: 81.41
     2060: 83.59
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2021: 86.12
     2030: 86.89
     2060: 89.11
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2021: 1.363
     2030: 1.417
     2060: 1.590
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2021: 0.233
     2030: 0.173
     2060: 0.034
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2021: 1.854
     2030: 1.527
     2060: 1.350
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2021: 6.429
     2030: 5.108
     2060: 4.347
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2021: 29.81
     2030: 27.80
     2060: 19.78
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2021: 9.430
     2030: 11.29
     2060: 13.24
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2021: 36.84
     2030: 36.21
     2060: 31.21
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2021: 0.492
     2030: 0.473
     2060: 0.422
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2021: 47.65
     2030: 48.87
     2060: 49.90

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2021: 28.30
     2030: 29.50
     2060: 31.03
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2021: 29.85
     2030: 28.91
     2060: 26.58
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2021: 4.084
     2030: 3.865
     2060: 3.247
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2021: 5.139
     2030: 6.451
     2060: 7.766
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2021: 2.005
     2030: 1.740
     2060: 1.352

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2021: 103.1
     2030: 100.9
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2021: 99.69
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 118.5
     2030: 110.2
     2060: 102.2
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 121.0
     2030: 115.0
     2060: 106.3
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2021: 84.84
     2030: 83.54
     2060: 79.09
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2021: 10.87
     2030: 11.48
     2060: 13.13
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2021: 98.71
     2030: 99.46
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2021: 0.148
     2030: 0.132
     2060: 0.008
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2021: 1.201
     2030: 1.133
     2060: 0.152
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2021: 0.978
     2030: 0.991
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2021: 1.616
     2030: 1.657
     2060: 1.198
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2021: 3,283
     2030: 3,351
     2060: 3,435
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2021: 0.841
     2030: 0.916
     2060: 1.030
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2021: 0.471
     2030: 0.595
     2060: 0.837

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 1,556
     2030: 1,671
     2060: 1,744
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 1,539
     2030: 1,654
     2060: 1,733
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2021: 34.08
     2030: 37.80
     2060: 46.68
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2021: 0.354
     2030: 0.348
     2060: 0.325
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2021: 38.21
     2030: 35.05
     2060: 31.49
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2021: 55.34
     2030: 57.14
     2060: 58.76

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2021: 0.002
     2030: 0.002
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2021: 0.054
     2030: 0.046
     2060: 0.020

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2021: 1.024
     2030: 0.893
     2060: 0.538

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2021: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2021: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2021: 6.519
     2030: 7.117
     2060: 8.668
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2021: 3.722
     2030: 3.805
     2060: 3.996
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2021: 7.649
     2030: 7.701
     2060: 7.805