Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 8.06
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2023: 47.07
     2030: 46.42
     2060: 39.22
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2023: -0.140
     2030: -0.272
     2060: -0.915
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2023: 7.812
     2030: 7.191
     2060: 6.855
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2023: 10.02
     2030: 10.76
     2060: 16.95
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2023: 2.433
     2030: 1.993
     2060: 0.947
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2023: 83.26
     2030: 83.89
     2060: 86.37
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2023: 80.42
     2030: 81.03
     2060: 83.48
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2023: 85.99
     2030: 86.63
     2060: 89.09
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2023: 1.224
     2030: 1.310
     2060: 1.511
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2023: 0.243
     2030: 0.190
     2060: 0.038
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2023: 1.944
     2030: 1.737
     2060: 1.392
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2023: 6.487
     2030: 5.700
     2060: 4.526
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2023: 30.76
     2030: 29.38
     2060: 20.91
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2023: 9.824
     2030: 11.34
     2060: 13.79
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2023: 39.10
     2030: 40.30
     2060: 35.16
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2023: 0.489
     2030: 0.476
     2060: 0.423
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2023: 47.66
     2030: 48.78
     2060: 49.92

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2023: 27.28
     2030: 28.52
     2060: 31.60
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2023: 30.07
     2030: 29.49
     2060: 27.02
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2023: 2.659
     2030: 2.536
     2060: 2.261
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2023: 3.726
     2030: 3.907
     2060: 5.987
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2023: 0.257
     2030: 0.111
     2060: 0.072

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2023: 103.7
     2030: 102.4
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2023: 99.29
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2023: 118.9
     2030: 116.2
     2060: 103.3
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2023: 121.7
     2030: 117.0
     2060: 103.9
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2023: 86.90
     2030: 87.13
     2060: 85.61
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2023: 10.91
     2030: 11.43
     2060: 13.23
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2023: 98.94
     2030: 99.43
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $2.15 per day, log normal computation (in 2017 US Dollars) - Million People - -
     2023: 0.449
     2030: 0.261
     2060: 0.016
Population with income less than $3.65 per day, log normal computation (in 2017 US Dollars) - Million People - -
     2023: 0.611
     2030: 0.365
     2060: 0.026
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2023: 0.986
     2030: 0.995
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2023: 1.130
     2030: 0.986
     2060: 0.842
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2023: 3,354
     2030: 3,427
     2060: 3,599
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2023: 0.818
     2030: 0.885
     2060: 1.032
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2023: 0.441
     2030: 0.548
     2060: 0.833

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2017 Dollars - -
     2023: 1,862
     2030: 1,974
     2060: 2,281
Gross domestic product - Billion 2017 Dollars - -
     2023: 1,372
     2030: 1,504
     2060: 1,892
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2023: 39.57
     2030: 42.53
     2060: 58.16
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2023: 0.345
     2030: 0.337
     2060: 0.312
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2023: 46.24
     2030: 41.64
     2060: 39.79
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2023: 50.86
     2030: 53.09
     2060: 57.24

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2023: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2023: 0.066
     2030: 0.058
     2060: 0.027

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Diplomacy, Military, and Economic (DiME) Power Index - Index - -
     2023: 1.020
     2030: 0.943
     2060: 0.645

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2023: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2023: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2023: 6.265
     2030: 6.824
     2060: 9.584
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2023: 3.519
     2030: 3.600
     2060: 3.944
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2023: 7.883
     2030: 7.920
     2060: 8.077