Country Profile - Australia      IFs Version 8.06
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Australia
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Australia -
Population - Million People - -
     2024: 26.61
     2030: 28.07
     2060: 33.69
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2024: 0.908
     2030: 0.842
     2060: 0.456
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2024: 11.64
     2030: 11.33
     2060: 10.24
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2024: 7.491
     2030: 7.935
     2060: 9.933
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2024: 2.797
     2030: 2.333
     2060: 1.086
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2024: 83.08
     2030: 83.72
     2060: 86.49
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2024: 80.95
     2030: 81.56
     2060: 84.26
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2024: 85.17
     2030: 85.83
     2060: 88.66
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2024: 1.634
     2030: 1.686
     2060: 1.759
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2024: 0.114
     2030: 0.127
     2060: 0.172
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2024: 1.524
     2030: 1.614
     2060: 1.739
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2024: 4.829
     2030: 4.890
     2060: 5.319
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2024: 17.13
     2030: 17.77
     2060: 19.89
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2024: 4.651
     2030: 5.407
     2060: 8.476
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2024: 23.52
     2030: 25.41
     2060: 30.99
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2024: 0.533
     2030: 0.526
     2060: 0.496
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2024: 48.18
     2030: 49.02
     2060: 49.96

Health Forecast for Australia -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2024: 40.07
     2030: 41.60
     2060: 45.34
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2024: 15.34
     2030: 15.12
     2060: 15.12
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2024: 1.946
     2030: 1.868
     2060: 1.721
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2024: 2.657
     2030: 2.261
     2060: 3.824
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2024: 0.126
     2030: 0.065
     2060: 0.040

Education Forecast for Australia -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2024: 101.5
     2030: 102.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2024: 98.25
     2030: 99.92
     2060: 100.00
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2024: 115.7
     2030: 114.6
     2060: 103.2
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2024: 129.6
     2030: 124.9
     2060: 105.8
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2024: 91.96
     2030: 91.64
     2060: 90.00
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2024: 13.42
     2030: 13.92
     2060: 15.73
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2024: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Australia
Population with income less than $2.15 per day, log normal computation (in 2017 US Dollars) - Million People - -
     2024: 0.089
     2030: 0.052
     2060: 0.002
Population with income less than $3.65 per day, log normal computation (in 2017 US Dollars) - Million People - -
     2024: 0.117
     2030: 0.069
     2060: 0.003
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2024: 1.000
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2024: 0.965
     2030: 0.899
     2060: 0.727
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2024: 3,465
     2030: 3,535
     2060: 3,700
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2024: 1.130
     2030: 1.147
     2060: 1.143
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2024: 1.948
     2030: 1.976
     2060: 2.029

Economy Forecast for Australia
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2017 Dollars - -
     2024: 1,357
     2030: 1,571
     2060: 2,864
Gross domestic product - Billion 2017 Dollars - -
     2024: 1,526
     2030: 1,753
     2060: 3,074
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2024: 50.98
     2030: 55.95
     2060: 85.00
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2024: 0.341
     2030: 0.337
     2060: 0.322
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2024: 46.23
     2030: 42.08
     2060: 35.80
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2024: 72.85
     2030: 73.98
     2060: 77.68

Energy Forecast for Australia
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2024: 0.065
     2030: 0.040
     2060: 0.004

Environment Forecast for Australia
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2024: 0.098
     2030: 0.098
     2060: 0.084

International Politics Forecast for Australia
Diplomacy, Military, and Economic (DiME) Power Index - Index - -
     2024: 1.226
     2030: 1.215
     2060: 1.060

Domestic Government Forecast for Australia
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2024: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2024: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2024: 8.146
     2030: 8.903
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2024: 4.094
     2030: 4.135
     2060: 4.287
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2024: 8.220
     2030: 8.255
     2060: 8.387