Country Profile - South Africa      IFs Version 7.37
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     Forecast Categories for South Africa
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for South Africa -
Population - Million People - -
     2018: 57.40
     2030: 64.20
     2060: 72.46
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2018: 1.181
     2030: 0.723
     2060: 0.139
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 20.55
     2030: 17.42
     2060: 13.15
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 10.33
     2030: 10.52
     2060: 12.00
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2018: 33.64
     2030: 31.15
     2060: 22.70
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2018: 62.35
     2030: 64.62
     2060: 70.37
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2018: 58.78
     2030: 60.55
     2060: 65.70
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2018: 65.79
     2030: 68.54
     2060: 74.76
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2018: 2.427
     2030: 2.197
     2060: 1.900
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2018: 12.72
     2030: 14.07
     2060: 14.90
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2018: 5.728
     2030: 5.505
     2060: 4.718
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2018: 16.53
     2030: 16.66
     2060: 14.27
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2018: 37.70
     2030: 42.86
     2060: 47.69
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2018: 3.167
     2030: 4.678
     2060: 10.50
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2018: 37.99
     2030: 46.65
     2060: 59.69
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2018: 0.360
     2030: 0.283
     2060: 0.140
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2018: 45.84
     2030: 48.02
     2060: 49.69

Health Forecast for South Africa -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2018: 31.78
     2030: 33.32
     2060: 35.76
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2018: 19.02
     2030: 19.39
     2060: 21.05
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2018: 8.397
     2030: 7.462
     2060: 5.336
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 9.188
     2030: 9.288
     2060: 7.934
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 4.030
     2030: 3.294
     2060: 2.314

Education Forecast for South Africa -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2018: 98.56
     2030: 101.4
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2018: 94.66
     2030: 99.56
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 97.29
     2030: 94.49
     2060: 93.60
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 86.83
     2030: 81.96
     2060: 84.58
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 19.14
     2030: 18.77
     2060: 40.07
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2018: 9.775
     2030: 9.663
     2060: 10.05
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2018: 94.92
     2030: 96.70
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for South Africa
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 1.328
     2030: 1.355
     2060: 2.104
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 5.996
     2030: 6.331
     2060: 7.776
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 0.791
     2030: 0.815
     2060: 0.874
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 12.41
     2030: 10.59
     2060: 6.776
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2018: 3,050
     2030: 3,133
     2060: 3,251
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 0.083
     2030: 0.067
     2060: -0.016
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2018: -0.349
     2030: -0.260
     2060: -0.005

Economy Forecast for South Africa
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 699.4
     2030: 867.8
     2060: 1,305
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 459.1
     2030: 594.6
     2060: 1,021
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 12.18
     2030: 13.52
     2060: 18.01
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2018: 0.640
     2030: 0.637
     2060: 0.697
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2018: 36.42
     2030: 13.90
     2060: 13.72
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2018: 17.67
     2030: 17.56
     2060: 31.45

Energy Forecast for South Africa
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2018: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for South Africa
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2018: 0.133
     2030: 0.134
     2060: 0.077

International Politics Forecast for South Africa
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2018: 0.502
     2030: 0.465
     2060: 0.432

Domestic Government Forecast for South Africa
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2018: 11.98
     2030: 11.98
     2060: 12.48
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2018: 19.21
     2030: 19.82
     2060: 19.96
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2018: 4.143
     2030: 4.517
     2060: 5.462
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2018: 2.840
     2030: 2.969
     2060: 3.276
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2018: 6.627
     2030: 6.692
     2060: 6.835