Country Profile - Romania      IFs Version 7.37
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     Forecast Categories for Romania
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Romania -
Population - Million People - -
     2018: 19.49
     2030: 18.14
     2060: 14.77
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2018: -0.605
     2030: -0.601
     2060: -0.795
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 9.334
     2030: 8.454
     2060: 8.252
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 12.90
     2030: 13.64
     2060: 15.74
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2018: 7.599
     2030: 5.970
     2060: 3.933
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2018: 75.94
     2030: 78.15
     2060: 82.94
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2018: 72.34
     2030: 74.49
     2060: 79.31
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2018: 79.32
     2030: 81.59
     2060: 86.35
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2018: 1.534
     2030: 1.574
     2060: 1.690
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2018: 0.079
     2030: 0.065
     2060: 0.021
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2018: 0.927
     2030: 0.782
     2060: 0.619
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2018: 2.963
     2030: 2.513
     2060: 1.938
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2018: 12.94
     2030: 11.71
     2060: 8.139
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2018: 3.588
     2030: 3.920
     2060: 4.688
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2018: 10.83
     2030: 10.83
     2060: 9.757
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2018: 0.419
     2030: 0.353
     2060: 0.204
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2018: 44.17
     2030: 46.64
     2060: 49.15

Health Forecast for Romania -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2018: 13.58
     2030: 14.98
     2060: 15.66
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2018: 30.48
     2030: 30.84
     2060: 27.80
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2018: 3.343
     2030: 2.952
     2060: 2.572
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 3.112
     2030: 0.148
     2060: 0.762
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 2.128
     2030: 1.497
     2060: 1.106

Education Forecast for Romania -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2018: 93.51
     2030: 100.1
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2018: 91.02
     2030: 98.45
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 94.81
     2030: 102.2
     2060: 99.58
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 90.32
     2030: 96.42
     2060: 96.85
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 53.58
     2030: 60.69
     2060: 76.06
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2018: 10.73
     2030: 11.47
     2060: 13.42
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2018: 98.89
     2030: 99.89
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Romania
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 0.914
     2030: 0.947
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 1.704
     2030: 1.368
     2060: 1.056
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2018: 3,387
     2030: 3,513
     2060: 3,571
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2018: -0.228
     2030: -0.150
     2060: 0.136
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2018: -1.355
     2030: -1.169
     2060: -0.634

Economy Forecast for Romania
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 442.8
     2030: 559.3
     2060: 759.1
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 232.8
     2030: 360.1
     2060: 619.7
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 22.71
     2030: 30.83
     2060: 51.41
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2018: 0.281
     2030: 0.280
     2060: 0.273
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2018: 26.87
     2030: 24.91
     2060: 25.89
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2018: 38.49
     2030: 49.13
     2060: 70.23

Energy Forecast for Romania
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2018: 0.027
     2030: 0.016
     2060: 0.002

Environment Forecast for Romania
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2018: 0.020
     2030: 0.022
     2060: 0.012

International Politics Forecast for Romania
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2018: 0.276
     2030: 0.265
     2060: 0.206

Domestic Government Forecast for Romania
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2018: 12.13
     2030: 12.73
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2018: 19.22
     2030: 19.60
     2060: 19.60
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2018: 3.950
     2030: 5.184
     2060: 8.250
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2018: 2.608
     2030: 2.939
     2060: 3.578
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2018: 7.777
     2030: 7.947
     2060: 8.217