Country Profile - Romania      IFs Version 7.30
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     Forecast Categories for Romania
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Romania -
Population - Million People - -
     2017: 19.35
     2030: 18.11
     2060: 14.76
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2017: -0.437
     2030: -0.553
     2060: -0.751
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2017: 9.154
     2030: 8.707
     2060: 8.528
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2017: 13.10
     2030: 13.79
     2060: 16.04
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2017: 9.046
     2030: 6.980
     2060: 4.831
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2017: 75.33
     2030: 77.65
     2060: 81.96
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2017: 71.68
     2030: 73.95
     2060: 78.14
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2017: 78.75
     2030: 81.11
     2060: 85.52
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2017: 1.535
     2030: 1.582
     2060: 1.695
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2017: 0.081
     2030: 0.066
     2060: 0.022
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2017: 0.902
     2030: 0.793
     2060: 0.632
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2017: 2.975
     2030: 2.478
     2060: 1.951
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2017: 12.95
     2030: 11.75
     2060: 8.316
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2017: 3.424
     2030: 3.887
     2060: 4.494
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2017: 10.82
     2030: 10.70
     2060: 9.574
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2017: 0.487
     2030: 0.482
     2060: 0.425
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2017: 45.58
     2030: 48.02
     2060: 49.69

Health Forecast for Romania -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2017: 13.22
     2030: 14.64
     2060: 16.60
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2017: 30.50
     2030: 30.75
     2060: 29.12
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2017: 3.440
     2030: 3.026
     2060: 2.438
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2017: 3.504
     2030: 0.747
     2060: 0.311
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2017: 1.373
     2030: 1.079
     2060: 0.836

Education Forecast for Romania -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2017: 92.30
     2030: 99.59
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2017: 90.41
     2030: 98.14
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 94.07
     2030: 100.9
     2060: 99.29
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 90.53
     2030: 94.74
     2060: 96.26
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 53.37
     2030: 56.34
     2060: 63.45
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2017: 10.93
     2030: 12.16
     2060: 14.52
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2017: 98.84
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Romania
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2017: 0.030
     2030: 0.019
     2060: 0.019
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2017: 0.030
     2030: 0.019
     2060: 0.019
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2017: 0.907
     2030: 0.940
     2060: 0.985
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2017: 1.868
     2030: 1.460
     2060: 1.084
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2017: 3,353
     2030: 3,483
     2060: 3,647
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2017: -0.234
     2030: -0.151
     2060: 0.122
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2017: -1.369
     2030: -1.168
     2060: -0.654

Economy Forecast for Romania
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 408.1
     2030: 510.8
     2060: 616.3
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 219.1
     2030: 332.4
     2060: 516.1
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 21.09
     2030: 28.20
     2060: 41.76
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2017: 0.285
     2030: 0.317
     2060: 0.375
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2017: 26.97
     2030: 25.66
     2060: 28.40
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2017: 40.13
     2030: 48.09
     2060: 64.84

Energy Forecast for Romania
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2017: 0.028
     2030: 0.014
     2060: 0.002

Environment Forecast for Romania
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2017: 0.021
     2030: 0.023
     2060: 0.017

International Politics Forecast for Romania
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2017: 0.269
     2030: 0.245
     2060: 0.184

Domestic Government Forecast for Romania
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2017: 12.11
     2030: 12.96
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2017: 19.07
     2030: 19.27
     2060: 19.47
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2017: 3.798
     2030: 4.908
     2060: 7.121
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2017: 2.566
     2030: 2.892
     2060: 3.462
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2017: 7.721
     2030: 7.881
     2060: 8.094