Country Profile - Romania      IFs Version 7.15
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     Forecast Categories for Romania
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Romania -
Population - Million People - -
     2016: 21.57
     2030: 20.24
     2060: 16.20
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2016: -0.295
     2030: -0.592
     2060: -0.922
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2016: 9.863
     2030: 7.806
     2060: 7.743
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2016: 12.39
     2030: 13.29
     2060: 16.97
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2016: 10.40
     2030: 8.744
     2060: 6.570
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2016: 74.86
     2030: 76.98
     2060: 81.03
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2016: 71.06
     2030: 73.08
     2060: 76.84
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2016: 78.45
     2030: 80.65
     2060: 84.88
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2016: 1.415
     2030: 1.484
     2060: 1.642
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2016: 0.067
     2030: 0.055
     2060: 0.018
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2016: 1.312
     2030: 0.982
     2060: 0.769
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2016: 3.261
     2030: 2.728
     2060: 2.034
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2016: 14.87
     2030: 13.50
     2060: 8.836
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2016: 3.437
     2030: 4.012
     2060: 5.326
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2016: 10.68
     2030: 10.53
     2060: 9.334
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2016: 0.441
     2030: 0.436
     2060: 0.361
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2016: 46.01
     2030: 48.16
     2060: 49.65

Health Forecast for Romania -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2016: 12.98
     2030: 12.28
     2060: 10.94
Smoking Rate - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2016: 34.25
     2030: 34.08
     2060: 33.29
Malnourished children as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2016: 3.431
     2030: 3.361
     2060: 3.203
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2016: 2.880
     2030: 3.047
     2060: 4.874
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2016: 4.994
     2030: 7.778
     2060: 11.76

Education Forecast for Romania -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2016: 102.8
     2030: 101.5
     2060: 99.83
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2016: 94.55
     2030: 99.88
     2060: 99.50
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 100.7
     2030: 101.1
     2060: 97.16
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 98.06
     2030: 99.72
     2060: 93.85
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 57.48
     2030: 57.61
     2060: 57.17
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2016: 11.10
     2030: 12.28
     2060: 14.50
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2016: 98.43
     2030: 99.91
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Romania
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2016: 0.019
     2030: 0.012
     2060: 0.044
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2016: 0.284
     2030: 0.177
     2060: 0.278
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2016: 0.890
     2030: 0.917
     2060: 0.956
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2016: 4.840
     2030: 4.070
     2060: 2.593
Calories per capita available - Available per Person per Day - -
     2016: 3,482
     2030: 3,410
     2060: 3,260
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2016: -0.218
     2030: -0.140
     2060: 0.101
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2016: -1.314
     2030: -1.128
     2060: -0.700

Economy Forecast for Romania
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 364.5
     2030: 409.1
     2060: 440.3
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 204.6
     2030: 261.7
     2060: 354.9
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 16.90
     2030: 20.21
     2060: 27.19
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2016: 0.282
     2030: 0.294
     2060: 0.375
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2016: 16.13
     2030: 15.92
     2060: 13.13
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2016: 45.09
     2030: 48.21
     2060: 55.05

Energy Forecast for Romania
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2016: 0.025
     2030: 0.013
     2060: 0.001

Environment Forecast for Romania
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2016: 0.024
     2030: 0.026
     2060: 0.013

International Politics Forecast for Romania
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2016: 0.252
     2030: 0.194
     2060: 0.105

Domestic Government Forecast for Romania
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2016: 12.37
     2030: 13.18
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2016: 19.48
     2030: 19.70
     2060: 19.46
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2016: 4.007
     2030: 4.630
     2060: 5.869
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2016: 2.400
     2030: 2.681
     2060: 3.203
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2016: 7.485
     2030: 7.583
     2060: 7.732