Country Profile - Panama      IFs Version 7.37
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Panama
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Panama -
Population - Million People - -
     2019: 4.222
     2030: 4.836
     2060: 5.865
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2019: 1.477
     2030: 0.986
     2060: 0.314
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2019: 18.52
     2030: 14.77
     2060: 11.36
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2019: 5.170
     2030: 5.816
     2060: 8.733
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2019: 12.51
     2030: 8.607
     2060: 3.821
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2019: 78.67
     2030: 80.48
     2060: 84.56
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2019: 75.57
     2030: 77.14
     2060: 81.50
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2019: 81.79
     2030: 83.82
     2060: 87.57
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2019: 2.427
     2030: 2.013
     2060: 1.900
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2019: 0.469
     2030: 0.571
     2060: 0.738
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2019: 0.389
     2030: 0.363
     2060: 0.337
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2019: 1.136
     2030: 1.129
     2060: 1.037
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2019: 2.731
     2030: 3.144
     2060: 3.585
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2019: 0.355
     2030: 0.563
     2060: 1.242
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2019: 2.881
     2030: 3.559
     2060: 4.906
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2019: 0.436
     2030: 0.323
     2060: 0.169
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2019: 40.27
     2030: 42.84
     2060: 46.91

Health Forecast for Panama -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2019: 24.48
     2030: 27.12
     2060: 31.45
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2019: 7.609
     2030: 9.261
     2060: 9.751
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2019: 3.680
     2030: 3.301
     2060: 2.732
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2019: 2.372
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2019: 7.404
     2030: 4.749
     2060: 2.344

Education Forecast for Panama -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2019: 103.5
     2030: 102.9
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2019: 97.14
     2030: 99.92
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2019: 95.65
     2030: 99.75
     2060: 98.95
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2019: 62.17
     2030: 75.38
     2060: 91.98
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2019: 38.72
     2030: 42.49
     2060: 69.02
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2019: 9.582
     2030: 9.943
     2060: 11.71
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2019: 94.87
     2030: 96.75
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Panama
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2019: 0.084
     2030: 0.039
     2060: 0.010
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2019: 0.185
     2030: 0.097
     2060: 0.030
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2019: 0.916
     2030: 0.946
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2019: 4.292
     2030: 3.093
     2060: 1.703
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2019: 2,924
     2030: 3,083
     2060: 3,320
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2019: 0.312
     2030: 0.365
     2060: 0.342
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2019: 0.730
     2030: 0.789
     2060: 0.833

Economy Forecast for Panama
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2019: 95.25
     2030: 141.0
     2060: 261.3
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2019: 54.09
     2030: 94.50
     2060: 220.1
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2019: 22.56
     2030: 29.16
     2060: 44.55
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2019: 0.506
     2030: 0.504
     2060: 0.485
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2019: 29.98
     2030: 31.46
     2060: 35.54
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2019: 24.49
     2030: 28.81
     2060: 57.46

Energy Forecast for Panama
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2019: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Panama
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2019: 0.003
     2030: 0.005
     2060: 0.007

International Politics Forecast for Panama
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2019: 0.049
     2030: 0.057
     2060: 0.065

Domestic Government Forecast for Panama
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2019: 12.11
     2030: 12.54
     2060: 13.91
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2019: 19.20
     2030: 19.77
     2060: 19.93
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2019: 3.667
     2030: 4.791
     2060: 7.511
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2019: 2.874
     2030: 3.139
     2060: 3.651
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2019: 7.639
     2030: 7.781
     2060: 8.003