Country Profile - Italy      IFs Version 7.31
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     Forecast Categories for Italy
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Italy -
Population - Million People - -
     2018: 59.51
     2030: 58.04
     2060: 50.42
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2018: -0.050
     2030: -0.262
     2060: -0.647
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 7.968
     2030: 7.860
     2060: 8.148
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 10.96
     2030: 12.48
     2060: 16.05
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2018: 2.456
     2030: 1.700
     2060: 0.782
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2018: 83.11
     2030: 84.32
     2060: 86.92
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2018: 80.76
     2030: 81.93
     2060: 84.36
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2018: 85.33
     2030: 86.60
     2060: 89.39
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2018: 1.480
     2030: 1.530
     2060: 1.662
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2018: 0.246
     2030: 0.204
     2060: 0.067
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2018: 2.412
     2030: 2.269
     2060: 2.059
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2018: 8.016
     2030: 7.065
     2060: 6.384
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2018: 37.64
     2030: 34.65
     2060: 27.57
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2018: 13.85
     2030: 16.33
     2060: 16.47
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2018: 42.53
     2030: 44.33
     2060: 41.95
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2018: 0.425
     2030: 0.412
     2060: 0.388
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2018: 42.98
     2030: 45.59
     2060: 48.62

Health Forecast for Italy -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2018: 22.81
     2030: 23.86
     2060: 25.10
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2018: 24.09
     2030: 23.74
     2060: 23.09
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2018: 1.986
     2030: 1.946
     2060: 1.942
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 1.937
     2030: 1.511
     2060: 1.115
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 1.323
     2030: 1.135
     2060: 0.902

Education Forecast for Italy -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2018: 101.7
     2030: 100.3
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2018: 99.44
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 106.5
     2030: 103.0
     2060: 99.66
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 99.54
     2030: 98.71
     2060: 96.96
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 63.04
     2030: 67.38
     2060: 74.57
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2018: 10.09
     2030: 11.49
     2060: 14.47
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2018: 99.31
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Italy
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 1.342
     2030: 0.977
     2060: 0.824
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 6.637
     2030: 5.024
     2060: 3.663
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 0.980
     2030: 0.995
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 0.891
     2030: 0.834
     2060: 0.792
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2018: 3,580
     2030: 3,651
     2060: 3,732
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 0.306
     2030: 0.350
     2060: 0.283
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 0.762
     2030: 0.881
     2060: 0.926

Economy Forecast for Italy
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 2,095
     2030: 2,275
     2060: 2,586
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 2,250
     2030: 2,422
     2060: 2,691
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 35.20
     2030: 39.20
     2060: 51.29
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2018: 0.354
     2030: 0.364
     2060: 0.405
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2018: 34.30
     2030: 31.84
     2060: 30.59
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2018: 46.79
     2030: 54.93
     2060: 67.53

Energy Forecast for Italy
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2018: 0.042
     2030: 0.035
     2060: 0.009

Environment Forecast for Italy
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2018: 0.091
     2030: 0.079
     2060: 0.058

International Politics Forecast for Italy
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2018: 1.503
     2030: 1.199
     2060: 0.783

Domestic Government Forecast for Italy
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2018: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2018: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2018: 4.169
     2030: 5.108
     2060: 7.712
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2018: 2.935
     2030: 3.129
     2060: 3.611
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2018: 7.143
     2030: 7.195
     2060: 7.322