Country Profile - India      IFs Version 7.37
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for India
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for India -
Population - Million People - -
     2018: 1,354
     2030: 1,507
     2060: 1,707
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2018: 1.078
     2030: 0.689
     2060: 0.120
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 18.37
     2030: 14.60
     2060: 11.37
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 7.237
     2030: 7.458
     2060: 9.968
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2018: 32.58
     2030: 17.33
     2060: 6.838
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2018: 69.55
     2030: 73.35
     2060: 79.36
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2018: 67.93
     2030: 71.20
     2060: 76.91
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2018: 71.28
     2030: 75.62
     2060: 81.87
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2018: 2.263
     2030: 1.900
     2060: 1.900
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2018: 0.010
     2030: 0.007
     2060: 0.002
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2018: 120.4
     2030: 110.0
     2060: 97.47
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2018: 370.6
     2030: 344.5
     2060: 299.6
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2018: 899.5
     2030: 1,029
     2060: 1,090
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2018: 84.27
     2030: 134.5
     2060: 317.8
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2018: 461.5
     2030: 605.3
     2060: 951.8
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2018: 0.354
     2030: 0.256
     2060: 0.115
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2018: 25.41
     2030: 28.58
     2060: 34.39

Health Forecast for India -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2018: 4.278
     2030: 5.567
     2060: 8.656
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2018: 12.71
     2030: 13.86
     2060: 16.74
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2018: 24.08
     2030: 11.86
     2060: 5.217
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 25.92
     2030: 20.66
     2060: 14.19
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 12.38
     2030: 6.640
     2060: 2.388

Education Forecast for India -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2018: 108.1
     2030: 103.6
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2018: 85.87
     2030: 97.18
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 90.45
     2030: 94.17
     2060: 99.23
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 65.49
     2030: 77.45
     2060: 95.73
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 30.10
     2030: 57.19
     2060: 87.60
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2018: 6.503
     2030: 7.629
     2060: 10.75
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2018: 71.13
     2030: 82.97
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for India
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 150.0
     2030: 43.86
     2060: 0.141
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 292.1
     2030: 107.4
     2060: 0.893
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 0.716
     2030: 0.801
     2060: 0.938
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 21.14
     2030: 12.10
     2060: 2.405
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2018: 2,602
     2030: 2,819
     2060: 3,213
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 0.253
     2030: 0.310
     2060: 0.573
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2018: -0.647
     2030: -0.521
     2060: -0.175

Economy Forecast for India
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 8,729
     2030: 14,889
     2060: 39,043
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 2,935
     2030: 6,438
     2060: 27,859
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 6.445
     2030: 9.877
     2060: 22.87
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2018: 0.351
     2030: 0.357
     2060: 0.315
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2018: 12.36
     2030: 14.35
     2060: 17.23
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2018: 34.73
     2030: 60.02
     2060: 77.43

Energy Forecast for India
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2018: 0.267
     2030: 0.244
     2060: 0.062

Environment Forecast for India
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2018: 0.684
     2030: 0.978
     2060: 1.210

International Politics Forecast for India
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2018: 8.396
     2030: 10.19
     2060: 13.98

Domestic Government Forecast for India
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2018: 11.21
     2030: 12.32
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2018: 19.06
     2030: 19.27
     2060: 18.34
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2018: 3.178
     2030: 3.611
     2060: 5.100
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2018: 2.385
     2030: 2.711
     2060: 3.330
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2018: 6.693
     2030: 6.941
     2060: 7.382