Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 7.37
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2018: 45.94
     2030: 43.86
     2060: 37.19
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2018: -0.482
     2030: -0.358
     2060: -0.862
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 7.912
     2030: 6.945
     2060: 7.247
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 9.377
     2030: 11.06
     2060: 17.39
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2018: 2.328
     2030: 1.545
     2060: 0.669
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2018: 83.43
     2030: 84.87
     2060: 87.76
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2018: 80.65
     2030: 82.19
     2060: 85.15
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2018: 86.11
     2030: 87.47
     2060: 90.24
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2018: 1.372
     2030: 1.446
     2060: 1.608
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2018: 0.253
     2030: 0.173
     2060: 0.034
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2018: 1.958
     2030: 1.508
     2060: 1.344
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2018: 6.691
     2030: 4.996
     2060: 4.252
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2018: 30.10
     2030: 27.21
     2060: 19.56
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2018: 9.157
     2030: 11.66
     2060: 13.37
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2018: 37.79
     2030: 40.23
     2060: 34.21
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2018: 0.469
     2030: 0.337
     2060: 0.210
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2018: 46.88
     2030: 48.79
     2060: 49.89

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2018: 28.10
     2030: 30.30
     2060: 32.87
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2018: 30.07
     2030: 28.52
     2060: 26.18
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2018: 1.967
     2030: 1.942
     2060: 2.025
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 2.374
     2030: 5.133
     2060: 6.818
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 2.132
     2030: 1.571
     2060: 1.094

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2018: 103.8
     2030: 100.5
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2018: 99.91
     2030: 100.00
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 121.5
     2030: 108.5
     2060: 99.81
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 132.1
     2030: 113.3
     2060: 99.64
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 89.83
     2030: 99.67
     2060: 98.25
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2018: 10.75
     2030: 11.92
     2060: 14.56
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2018: 98.49
     2030: 99.71
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 0.313
     2030: 0.074
     2060: 0.010
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 2.088
     2030: 0.702
     2060: 0.122
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 0.980
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 1.186
     2030: 0.808
     2060: 0.715
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2018: 3,222
     2030: 3,344
     2060: 3,481
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 0.802
     2030: 0.858
     2060: 0.754
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 0.424
     2030: 0.577
     2060: 0.774

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 1,634
     2030: 1,959
     2060: 2,646
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 1,621
     2030: 1,946
     2060: 2,635
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 35.56
     2030: 44.66
     2060: 71.16
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2018: 0.358
     2030: 0.354
     2060: 0.369
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2018: 41.18
     2030: 35.98
     2060: 32.02
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2018: 60.63
     2030: 75.88
     2060: 76.17

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2018: 0.002
     2030: 0.002
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2018: 0.062
     2030: 0.052
     2060: 0.037

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2018: 1.097
     2030: 0.983
     2060: 0.731

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2018: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2018: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2018: 6.657
     2030: 7.940
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2018: 3.723
     2030: 3.891
     2060: 4.248
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2018: 7.558
     2030: 7.672
     2060: 7.904