Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 7.53
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2020: 45.79
     2030: 44.00
     2060: 36.89
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2020: -0.449
     2030: -0.397
     2060: -0.894
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2020: 7.599
     2030: 6.911
     2060: 7.335
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2020: 10.19
     2030: 11.41
     2060: 17.82
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2020: 2.413
     2030: 1.791
     2060: 0.902
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2020: 83.22
     2030: 84.15
     2060: 86.45
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2020: 80.45
     2030: 81.36
     2060: 83.62
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2020: 85.90
     2030: 86.85
     2060: 89.14
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2020: 1.387
     2030: 1.446
     2060: 1.608
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2020: 0.240
     2030: 0.173
     2060: 0.034
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2020: 1.907
     2030: 1.521
     2060: 1.358
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2020: 6.462
     2030: 5.060
     2060: 4.356
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2020: 29.84
     2030: 27.33
     2060: 19.61
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2020: 9.488
     2030: 11.61
     2060: 12.93
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2020: 36.87
     2030: 36.14
     2060: 30.92
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2020: 0.490
     2030: 0.467
     2060: 0.417
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2020: 47.34
     2030: 48.79
     2060: 49.89

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2020: 27.93
     2030: 29.28
     2060: 30.76
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2020: 29.94
     2030: 28.97
     2060: 26.51
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2020: 4.134
     2030: 3.892
     2060: 3.274
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2020: 5.064
     2030: 6.555
     2060: 7.840
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2020: 2.098
     2030: 1.784
     2060: 1.389

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2020: 103.8
     2030: 100.9
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2020: 99.39
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2020: 119.3
     2030: 110.1
     2060: 102.2
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2020: 121.3
     2030: 115.1
     2060: 106.1
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2020: 85.63
     2030: 82.93
     2060: 79.55
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2020: 10.79
     2030: 11.47
     2060: 13.14
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2020: 98.62
     2030: 99.46
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2020: 0.230
     2030: 0.136
     2060: 0.014
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2020: 1.677
     2030: 1.161
     2060: 0.217
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2020: 0.973
     2030: 0.989
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2020: 1.669
     2030: 1.656
     2060: 1.194
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2020: 3,262
     2030: 3,339
     2060: 3,420
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2020: 0.827
     2030: 0.910
     2060: 1.033
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2020: 0.452
     2030: 0.588
     2060: 0.846

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2020: 1,463
     2030: 1,627
     2060: 1,747
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2020: 1,446
     2030: 1,610
     2060: 1,736
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2020: 31.95
     2030: 36.97
     2060: 47.36
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2020: 0.355
     2030: 0.347
     2060: 0.332
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2020: 37.12
     2030: 35.23
     2060: 32.11
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2020: 53.58
     2030: 56.40
     2060: 59.11

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2020: 0.002
     2030: 0.002
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2020: 0.061
     2030: 0.042
     2060: 0.017

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2020: 1.053
     2030: 0.872
     2060: 0.522

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2020: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2020: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2020: 6.291
     2030: 6.998
     2060: 8.733
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2020: 3.679
     2030: 3.790
     2060: 4.003
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2020: 7.616
     2030: 7.689
     2060: 7.809