Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 7.08
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2014: 46.95
     2030: 47.20
     2060: 43.16
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2014: 0.226
     2030: -0.061
     2060: -0.599
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2014: 10.17
     2030: 7.953
     2060: 8.171
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2014: 9.548
     2030: 10.65
     2060: 15.73
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2014: 3.447
     2030: 2.253
     2060: 1.111
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2014: 81.39
     2030: 83.06
     2060: 85.81
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2014: 78.21
     2030: 79.85
     2060: 82.47
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2014: 84.50
     2030: 86.19
     2060: 88.97
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2014: 1.495
     2030: 1.547
     2060: 1.681
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2014: 0.302
     2030: 0.243
     2060: 0.079
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2014: 2.996
     2030: 2.223
     2060: 2.115
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2014: 7.306
     2030: 6.038
     2060: 5.558
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2014: 31.24
     2030: 30.09
     2060: 23.68
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2014: 8.400
     2030: 11.07
     2060: 13.92
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2014: 37.03
     2030: 39.91
     2060: 38.27
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2014: 0.502
     2030: 0.492
     2060: 0.429
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2014: 45.38
     2030: 48.04
     2060: 49.61

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2014: 24.75
     2030: 25.10
     2060: 25.75
Smoking Rate - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2014: 31.41
     2030: 30.36
     2060: 28.65
Malnourished children as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2014: 1.682
     2030: 1.886
     2060: 2.228
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2014: 2.142
     2030: 5.697
     2060: 8.095
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2014: 5.107
     2030: 4.610
     2060: 3.754

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2014: 105.4
     2030: 100.8
     2060: 99.30
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2014: 99.38
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 98.84
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2014: 119.4
     2030: 109.6
     2060: 96.11
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2014: 133.0
     2030: 116.2
     2060: 93.41
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2014: 75.85
     2030: 78.06
     2060: 76.68
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2014: 10.62
     2030: 11.48
     2060: 13.41
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2014: 98.19
     2030: 99.70
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2014: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2014: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2014: 0.959
     2030: 0.986
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2014: 1.442
     2030: 0.945
     2060: 0.970
Calories per capita available - Available per Person per Day - -
     2014: 3,229
     2030: 3,251
     2060: 3,292
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2014: 0.813
     2030: 0.875
     2060: 0.676
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2014: 0.439
     2030: 0.628
     2060: 0.723

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2014: 1,446
     2030: 1,818
     2060: 2,415
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2014: 1,423
     2030: 1,791
     2060: 2,392
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2014: 30.81
     2030: 38.53
     2060: 55.97
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2014: 0.347
     2030: 0.345
     2060: 0.365
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2014: 1,044,872,560,6
     2030: 1,064,599,093,2
     2060: 993,391,083,520
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2014: 48.04
     2030: 64.06
     2060: 75.04

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2014: 0.001
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2014: 0.069
     2030: 0.059
     2060: 0.024

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Power index, Global Power Index (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2014: 1.065
     2030: 0.800
     2060: 0.432

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2014: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2014: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2014: 6.045
     2030: 7.234
     2060: 9.851
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2014: 3.484
     2030: 3.685
     2060: 4.030
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2014: 7.430
     2030: 7.540
     2060: 7.720