Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 7.45
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2020: 45.78
     2030: 44.06
     2060: 37.22
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2020: -0.438
     2030: -0.364
     2060: -0.870
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2020: 7.403
     2030: 6.963
     2060: 7.286
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2020: 9.878
     2030: 11.14
     2060: 17.51
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Live Births - -
     2020: 2.190
     2030: 1.556
     2060: 0.699
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2020: 83.55
     2030: 84.62
     2060: 87.30
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2020: 80.76
     2030: 81.81
     2060: 84.46
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2020: 86.25
     2030: 87.34
     2060: 90.00
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2020: 1.387
     2030: 1.446
     2060: 1.608
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2020: 0.240
     2030: 0.173
     2060: 0.034
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2020: 1.898
     2030: 1.517
     2060: 1.352
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2020: 6.461
     2030: 5.025
     2060: 4.277
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2020: 29.84
     2030: 27.35
     2060: 19.62
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2020: 9.488
     2030: 11.69
     2060: 13.32
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2020: 36.87
     2030: 36.17
     2060: 31.15
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2020: 0.448
     2030: 0.338
     2060: 0.215
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2020: 47.34
     2030: 48.79
     2060: 49.89

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2020: 28.70
     2030: 30.78
     2060: 32.77
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2020: 29.87
     2030: 28.44
     2060: 26.16
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2020: 4.598
     2030: 4.121
     2060: 3.354
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2020: 5.481
     2030: 7.646
     2060: 9.371
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2020: 1.928
     2030: 1.485
     2060: 1.102

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2020: 102.5
     2030: 100.5
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2020: 100.00
     2030: 100.00
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2020: 119.9
     2030: 108.5
     2060: 99.81
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2020: 129.4
     2030: 113.4
     2060: 99.62
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2020: 81.43
     2030: 82.92
     2060: 82.53
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2020: 10.84
     2030: 11.65
     2060: 13.76
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2020: 98.70
     2030: 99.72
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2020: 0.196
     2030: 0.031
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2020: 1.523
     2030: 0.399
     2060: 0.011
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2020: 0.984
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2020: 1.740
     2030: 1.541
     2060: 1.170
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2020: 3,256
     2030: 3,371
     2060: 3,476
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2020: 0.832
     2030: 0.925
     2060: 1.098
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2020: 0.461
     2030: 0.616
     2060: 0.969

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2020: 1,710
     2030: 2,025
     2060: 2,703
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2020: 1,692
     2030: 2,006
     2060: 2,686
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2020: 37.36
     2030: 45.97
     2060: 72.64
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2020: 0.351
     2030: 0.336
     2060: 0.314
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2020: 40.56
     2030: 35.91
     2060: 31.93
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2020: 60.56
     2030: 66.07
     2060: 68.94

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2020: 0.002
     2030: 0.002
     2060: 0.001

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2020: 0.063
     2030: 0.057
     2060: 0.037

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2020: 1.109
     2030: 1.026
     2060: 0.708

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2020: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2020: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2020: 6.904
     2030: 8.091
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2020: 3.775
     2030: 3.924
     2060: 4.265
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2020: 7.582
     2030: 7.685
     2060: 7.909