Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 7.31
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2018: 46.61
     2030: 46.27
     2060: 40.94
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2018: 0.106
     2030: -0.121
     2060: -0.742
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 8.098
     2030: 7.437
     2060: 7.530
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 9.338
     2030: 10.75
     2060: 16.44
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2018: 2.357
     2030: 1.617
     2060: 0.750
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2018: 83.30
     2030: 84.50
     2060: 86.96
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2018: 80.46
     2030: 81.62
     2060: 83.93
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2018: 86.04
     2030: 87.27
     2060: 89.82
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2018: 1.372
     2030: 1.446
     2060: 1.608
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2018: 0.253
     2030: 0.173
     2060: 0.034
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2018: 1.976
     2030: 1.696
     2060: 1.538
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2018: 6.818
     2030: 5.473
     2060: 4.828
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2018: 30.61
     2030: 29.04
     2060: 22.08
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2018: 9.179
     2030: 11.76
     2060: 14.03
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2018: 37.98
     2030: 41.19
     2060: 37.66
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2018: 0.497
     2030: 0.483
     2060: 0.420
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2018: 46.90
     2030: 48.80
     2060: 49.89

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2018: 27.81
     2030: 30.27
     2060: 35.00
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2018: 30.09
     2030: 28.97
     2060: 27.39
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2018: 1.989
     2030: 1.950
     2060: 1.894
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 2.343
     2030: 4.756
     2060: 5.311
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 1.322
     2030: 1.087
     2060: 0.793

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2018: 104.0
     2030: 100.4
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2018: 99.57
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 121.5
     2030: 108.5
     2060: 99.81
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 132.2
     2030: 113.1
     2060: 99.39
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 89.09
     2030: 96.39
     2060: 98.25
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2018: 11.33
     2030: 12.35
     2060: 14.52
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2018: 98.41
     2030: 99.34
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 1.004
     2030: 0.554
     2060: 0.296
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 4.908
     2030: 3.038
     2060: 1.576
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 0.977
     2030: 0.997
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 1.238
     2030: 0.894
     2060: 0.706
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2018: 3,205
     2030: 3,343
     2060: 3,589
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 0.803
     2030: 0.863
     2060: 0.736
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 0.426
     2030: 0.589
     2060: 0.754

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 1,616
     2030: 1,922
     2060: 2,408
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 1,607
     2030: 1,913
     2060: 2,401
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 34.68
     2030: 41.55
     2060: 58.83
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2018: 0.360
     2030: 0.370
     2060: 0.406
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2018: 40.67
     2030: 35.33
     2060: 33.30
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2018: 60.68
     2030: 74.44
     2060: 76.91

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2018: 0.002
     2030: 0.001
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2018: 0.062
     2030: 0.053
     2060: 0.038

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2018: 1.091
     2030: 0.959
     2060: 0.682

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2018: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2018: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2018: 6.557
     2030: 7.559
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2018: 3.708
     2030: 3.848
     2060: 4.133
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2018: 7.306
     2030: 7.393
     2060: 7.561