Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 7.26
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2016: 46.43
     2030: 46.25
     2060: 40.82
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2016: 0.176
     2030: -0.122
     2060: -0.745
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2016: 8.616
     2030: 7.470
     2060: 7.592
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2016: 8.963
     2030: 10.79
     2060: 16.52
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2016: 2.689
     2030: 1.884
     2060: 1.065
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2016: 83.07
     2030: 84.33
     2060: 86.60
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2016: 80.23
     2030: 81.43
     2060: 83.56
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2016: 85.80
     2030: 87.12
     2060: 89.47
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2016: 1.373
     2030: 1.455
     2060: 1.616
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2016: 0.324
     2030: 0.281
     2060: 0.104
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2016: 2.086
     2030: 1.703
     2060: 1.549
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2016: 6.876
     2030: 5.485
     2060: 4.890
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2016: 30.74
     2030: 29.06
     2060: 22.04
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2016: 8.816
     2030: 11.71
     2060: 13.88
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2016: 37.57
     2030: 41.33
     2060: 37.55
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2016: 0.504
     2030: 0.488
     2060: 0.424
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2016: 46.22
     2030: 48.61
     2060: 49.84

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2016: 25.19
     2030: 27.13
     2060: 28.44
Smoking Rate - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2016: 30.17
     2030: 28.92
     2060: 27.44
Malnourished children as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2016: 1.616
     2030: 1.802
     2060: 1.942
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2016: 1.426
     2030: 4.163
     2060: 2.000
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2016: 4.432
     2030: 3.217
     2060: 2.155

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2016: 104.5
     2030: 101.0
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2016: 98.67
     2030: 98.61
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 126.8
     2030: 110.2
     2060: 109.6
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 133.2
     2030: 122.6
     2060: 142.4
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 87.79
     2030: 78.14
     2060: 75.21
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2016: 11.05
     2030: 11.63
     2060: 12.50
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2016: 98.30
     2030: 99.30
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2016: 1.308
     2030: 0.718
     2060: 0.622
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2016: 1.567
     2030: 0.877
     2060: 0.744
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2016: 0.974
     2030: 0.994
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2016: 1.299
     2030: 1.596
     2060: 0.821
Calories per capita available - Total - Available per Person per Day - -
     2016: 3,295
     2030: 3,414
     2060: 3,490
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2016: 0.794
     2030: 0.865
     2060: 0.711
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2016: 0.410
     2030: 0.597
     2060: 0.728

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 1,556
     2030: 1,862
     2060: 1,964
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 1,531
     2030: 1,836
     2060: 1,947
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 33.50
     2030: 40.25
     2060: 48.11
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2016: 0.361
     2030: 0.358
     2060: 0.397
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2016: 40.78
     2030: 34.51
     2060: 32.51
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2016: 58.90
     2030: 55.46
     2060: 61.22

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2016: 0.001
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2016: 0.073
     2030: 0.069
     2060: 0.047

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2016: 1.130
     2030: 0.819
     2060: 0.506

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2016: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2016: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2016: 6.454
     2030: 7.471
     2060: 8.877
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2016: 3.694
     2030: 3.838
     2060: 4.017
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2016: 7.296
     2030: 7.384
     2060: 7.470