Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 7.00
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2014: 46.47
     2030: 45.36
     2060: 38.55
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2014: 0.071
     2030: -0.269
     2060: -0.874
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2014: 9.542
     2030: 7.475
     2060: 7.586
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2014: 9.595
     2030: 10.98
     2060: 17.18
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2014: 3.385
     2030: 2.159
     2060: 1.075
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2014: 81.44
     2030: 83.12
     2060: 85.78
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2014: 78.27
     2030: 79.90
     2060: 82.46
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2014: 84.54
     2030: 86.25
     2060: 88.93
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2014: 1.412
     2030: 1.497
     2060: 1.650
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2014: 0.302
     2030: 0.243
     2060: 0.079
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2014: 2.875
     2030: 2.023
     2060: 1.762
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2014: 7.130
     2030: 5.511
     2060: 4.670
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2014: 30.95
     2030: 28.85
     2060: 20.60
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2014: 8.388
     2030: 10.99
     2060: 13.28
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2014: 36.54
     2030: 38.83
     2060: 34.66
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2014: 0.498
     2030: 0.486
     2060: 0.414
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2014: 45.39
     2030: 48.05
     2060: 49.61

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2014: 24.81
     2030: 26.11
     2060: 28.25
Smoking Rate - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2014: 31.52
     2030: 30.96
     2060: 28.68
Malnourished children as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2014: 1.673
     2030: 1.787
     2060: 1.990
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2014: 1.967
     2030: 4.825
     2060: 6.165
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2014: 5.043
     2030: 3.657
     2060: 1.849

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2014: 106.0
     2030: 100.3
     2060: 100.1
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2014: 99.64
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.00
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2014: 120.6
     2030: 110.3
     2060: 98.87
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2014: 132.4
     2030: 119.5
     2060: 100.9
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2014: 76.87
     2030: 77.94
     2060: 76.92
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2014: 10.69
     2030: 11.86
     2060: 13.85
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2014: 98.19
     2030: 99.69
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation - Million People - -
     2014: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation - Million People - -
     2014: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2014: 0.951
     2030: 0.977
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2014: 1.435
     2030: 0.834
     2060: 0.756
Calories per capita available - Available per Person per Day - -
     2014: 3,233
     2030: 3,314
     2060: 3,441
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2014: 0.815
     2030: 0.895
     2060: 0.777
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2014: 0.439
     2030: 0.634
     2060: 0.762

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2005 Dollars - -
     2014: 1,219
     2030: 1,482
     2060: 1,783
Gross domestic product - Billion 2005 Dollars - -
     2014: 1,154
     2030: 1,444
     2060: 1,773
GDP per capita at PPP - Thousand 2005 Dollars - -
     2014: 26.24
     2030: 32.68
     2060: 46.24
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2014: 0.346
     2030: 0.359
     2060: 0.390
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2014: 58.85
     2030: 65.92
     2060: 67.07
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2014: 50.82
     2030: 61.98
     2060: 78.41

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2014: 0.001
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2014: 0.069
     2030: 0.065
     2060: 0.044

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Power index (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2014: 1.149
     2030: 0.881
     2060: 0.500

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2014: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2014: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2014: 6.095
     2030: 7.040
     2060: 9.019
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2014: 3.488
     2030: 3.670
     2060: 3.972
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2014: 7.437
     2030: 7.548
     2060: 7.721