Country Profile - Spain      IFs Version 7.15
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Spain
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Spain -
Population - Million People - -
     2015: 47.05
     2030: 47.19
     2060: 43.12
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2015: 0.201
     2030: -0.063
     2060: -0.599
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2015: 9.864
     2030: 7.948
     2060: 8.175
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2015: 9.682
     2030: 10.68
     2060: 15.77
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2015: 3.369
     2030: 2.280
     2060: 1.140
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2015: 81.47
     2030: 83.02
     2060: 85.72
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2015: 78.28
     2030: 79.80
     2060: 82.37
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2015: 84.58
     2030: 86.14
     2060: 88.88
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2015: 1.495
     2030: 1.547
     2060: 1.681
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2015: 0.300
     2030: 0.243
     2060: 0.079
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2015: 2.961
     2030: 2.223
     2060: 2.115
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2015: 7.360
     2030: 6.042
     2060: 5.571
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2015: 31.17
     2030: 30.09
     2060: 23.68
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2015: 8.515
     2030: 11.06
     2060: 13.87
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2015: 37.27
     2030: 39.90
     2060: 38.24
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2015: 0.501
     2030: 0.492
     2060: 0.429
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2015: 45.62
     2030: 48.04
     2060: 49.61

Health Forecast for Spain -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2015: 24.81
     2030: 25.19
     2060: 26.06
Smoking Rate - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2015: 31.35
     2030: 30.38
     2060: 28.65
Malnourished children as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2015: 1.693
     2030: 1.879
     2060: 2.203
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2015: 2.365
     2030: 5.622
     2060: 7.941
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2015: 5.037
     2030: 4.524
     2060: 3.484

Education Forecast for Spain -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2015: 105.0
     2030: 100.7
     2060: 99.35
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2015: 99.33
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 98.84
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2015: 118.5
     2030: 109.7
     2060: 96.12
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2015: 132.2
     2030: 116.8
     2060: 93.32
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2015: 75.31
     2030: 77.33
     2060: 76.23
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2015: 10.67
     2030: 11.46
     2060: 13.38
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2015: 98.29
     2030: 99.70
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Spain
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2015: 1.335
     2030: 0.896
     2060: 0.496
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2015: 1.516
     2030: 1.022
     2060: 0.564
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2015: 0.961
     2030: 0.985
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2015: 1.389
     2030: 0.945
     2060: 0.964
Calories per capita available - Available per Person per Day - -
     2015: 3,233
     2030: 3,257
     2060: 3,311
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2015: 0.822
     2030: 0.874
     2060: 0.669
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2015: 0.454
     2030: 0.625
     2060: 0.711

Economy Forecast for Spain
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2015: 1,459
     2030: 1,780
     2060: 2,300
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2015: 1,437
     2030: 1,752
     2060: 2,278
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2015: 31.02
     2030: 37.72
     2060: 53.33
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2015: 0.360
     2030: 0.370
     2060: 0.405
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2015: 36.85
     2030: 37.31
     2060: 35.80
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2015: 47.97
     2030: 62.04
     2060: 73.63

Energy Forecast for Spain
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2015: 0.001
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Spain
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2015: 0.067
     2030: 0.059
     2060: 0.016

International Politics Forecast for Spain
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2015: 1.048
     2030: 0.801
     2060: 0.450

Domestic Government Forecast for Spain
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2015: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2015: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2015: 6.093
     2030: 7.135
     2060: 9.531
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2015: 3.492
     2030: 3.672
     2060: 3.999
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2015: 7.433
     2030: 7.529
     2060: 7.695