Country Profile - Estonia      IFs Version 7.37
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Estonia
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Estonia -
Population - Million People - -
     2019: 1.300
     2030: 1.238
     2060: 1.054
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2019: -0.339
     2030: -0.522
     2060: -0.661
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2019: 10.14
     2030: 8.522
     2060: 8.417
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2019: 12.38
     2030: 12.86
     2060: 14.23
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2019: 2.836
     2030: 2.307
     2060: 1.439
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2019: 78.04
     2030: 80.14
     2060: 85.33
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2019: 73.18
     2030: 75.44
     2060: 81.05
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2019: 82.33
     2030: 84.38
     2060: 89.30
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2019: 1.635
     2030: 1.669
     2060: 1.751
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2019: 0.720
     2030: 0.603
     2060: 0.197
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2019: 0.067
     2030: 0.054
     2060: 0.045
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2019: 0.216
     2030: 0.182
     2060: 0.144
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2019: 0.823
     2030: 0.762
     2060: 0.569
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2019: 0.262
     2030: 0.294
     2060: 0.341
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2019: 0.888
     2030: 0.878
     2060: 0.792
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2019: 0.475
     2030: 0.401
     2060: 0.264
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2019: 48.71
     2030: 48.71
     2060: 48.71

Health Forecast for Estonia -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2019: 12.47
     2030: 13.74
     2060: 14.99
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2019: 33.60
     2030: 32.77
     2060: 29.94
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2019: 2.488
     2030: 2.309
     2060: 2.182
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2019: 2.855
     2030: 3.246
     2060: 5.615
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2019: 2.068
     2030: 1.530
     2060: 1.000

Education Forecast for Estonia -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2019: 99.20
     2030: 101.2
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2019: 95.52
     2030: 99.97
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2019: 110.3
     2030: 108.1
     2060: 99.73
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2019: 114.5
     2030: 108.0
     2060: 99.46
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2019: 70.14
     2030: 74.36
     2060: 92.21
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2019: 12.48
     2030: 12.89
     2060: 14.18
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2019: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Estonia
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2019: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2019: 0.004
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2019: 0.945
     2030: 0.974
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2019: 1.261
     2030: 1.048
     2060: 0.834
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2019: 3,406
     2030: 3,522
     2060: 3,628
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2019: 1.238
     2030: 1.258
     2060: 1.013
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2019: -1.065
     2030: -0.851
     2060: -0.156

Economy Forecast for Estonia
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2019: 38.96
     2030: 49.98
     2060: 85.10
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2019: 28.53
     2030: 41.37
     2060: 75.44
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2019: 29.96
     2030: 40.37
     2060: 80.74
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2019: 0.317
     2030: 0.298
     2060: 0.247
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2019: 40.40
     2030: 38.14
     2060: 34.15
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2019: 55.87
     2030: 66.43
     2060: 81.67

Energy Forecast for Estonia
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2019: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000

Environment Forecast for Estonia
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2019: 0.005
     2030: 0.005
     2060: 0.005

International Politics Forecast for Estonia
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2019: 0.027
     2030: 0.027
     2060: 0.027

Domestic Government Forecast for Estonia
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2019: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2019: 19.44
     2030: 19.64
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2019: 6.737
     2030: 8.019
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2019: 3.624
     2030: 3.824
     2060: 4.286
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2019: 8.005
     2030: 8.159
     2060: 8.507