Country Profile - Canada      IFs Version 7.37
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Canada
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Canada -
Population - Million People - -
     2018: 36.94
     2030: 40.45
     2060: 45.22
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2018: 0.912
     2030: 0.643
     2060: 0.286
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 10.76
     2030: 9.849
     2060: 9.624
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 7.676
     2030: 8.971
     2060: 11.10
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2018: 4.027
     2030: 2.941
     2060: 1.365
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2018: 82.65
     2030: 84.08
     2060: 87.20
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2018: 80.64
     2030: 82.07
     2060: 85.11
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2018: 84.62
     2030: 86.04
     2060: 89.23
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2018: 1.584
     2030: 1.637
     2060: 1.731
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2018: 0.193
     2030: 0.160
     2060: 0.052
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2018: 1.924
     2030: 2.010
     2060: 2.168
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2018: 5.906
     2030: 6.220
     2060: 6.630
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2018: 24.58
     2030: 24.80
     2060: 26.21
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2018: 6.455
     2030: 9.436
     2060: 12.38
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2018: 30.50
     2030: 35.11
     2060: 41.61
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2018: 0.501
     2030: 0.352
     2060: 0.297
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2018: 47.84
     2030: 49.40
     2060: 49.98

Health Forecast for Canada -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2018: 34.24
     2030: 35.26
     2060: 35.86
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2018: 15.51
     2030: 14.53
     2060: 14.52
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2018: 1.979
     2030: 1.969
     2060: 2.030
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 1.979
     2030: 2.256
     2060: 3.283
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 2.186
     2030: 1.817
     2060: 1.339

Education Forecast for Canada -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2018: 101.0
     2030: 100.9
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2018: 94.95
     2030: 99.87
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 99.94
     2030: 101.4
     2060: 100.0
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 117.3
     2030: 109.3
     2060: 100.0
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 61.92
     2030: 73.15
     2060: 82.64
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2018: 12.67
     2030: 13.23
     2060: 14.56
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2018: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Forecast for Canada
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 0.994
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 1.234
     2030: 1.130
     2060: 0.796
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2018: 3,498
     2030: 3,554
     2060: 3,586
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 1.078
     2030: 0.993
     2060: 0.410
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 1.520
     2030: 1.520
     2060: 1.422

Economy Forecast for Canada
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 1,672
     2030: 2,086
     2060: 3,606
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 2,059
     2030: 2,497
     2060: 4,033
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 45.27
     2030: 51.57
     2060: 79.75
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2018: 0.336
     2030: 0.316
     2060: 0.267
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2018: 47.37
     2030: 40.15
     2060: 37.05
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2018: 62.10
     2030: 73.15
     2060: 77.52

Energy Forecast for Canada
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2018: 1.321
     2030: 1.911
     2060: 0.651

Environment Forecast for Canada
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2018: 0.147
     2030: 0.147
     2060: 0.099

International Politics Forecast for Canada
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2018: 1.156
     2030: 1.100
     2060: 1.077

Domestic Government Forecast for Canada
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2018: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2018: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2018: 8.968
     2030: 9.791
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2018: 4.278
     2030: 4.307
     2060: 4.523
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2018: 7.963
     2030: 8.011
     2060: 8.256