Country Profile - Canada      IFs Version 7.26
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Canada
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Canada -
Population - Million People - -
     2016: 36.24
     2030: 40.08
     2060: 43.27
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2016: 0.953
     2030: 0.561
     2060: 0.065
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2016: 10.73
     2030: 9.737
     2060: 9.437
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2016: 7.449
     2030: 9.111
     2060: 11.72
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2016: 4.355
     2030: 3.088
     2060: 1.593
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2016: 82.44
     2030: 83.90
     2060: 86.46
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2016: 80.45
     2030: 81.77
     2060: 84.00
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2016: 84.40
     2030: 85.99
     2060: 88.85
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2016: 1.577
     2030: 1.635
     2060: 1.731
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2016: 0.200
     2030: 0.173
     2060: 0.064
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2016: 1.923
     2030: 1.972
     2060: 2.051
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2016: 5.782
     2030: 6.128
     2060: 6.302
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2016: 24.45
     2030: 24.52
     2060: 24.86
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2016: 6.006
     2030: 9.428
     2060: 12.11
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2016: 29.80
     2030: 35.05
     2060: 39.81
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2016: 0.550
     2030: 0.507
     2060: 0.478
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2016: 47.69
     2030: 49.51
     2060: 49.98

Health Forecast for Canada -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2016: 31.40
     2030: 32.56
     2060: 32.35
Smoking Rate - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2016: 15.74
     2030: 14.78
     2060: 14.77
Malnourished children as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2016: 1.811
     2030: 1.810
     2060: 1.982
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2016: 1.845
     2030: 2.396
     2060: 3.208
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2016: 4.522
     2030: 3.508
     2060: 2.506

Education Forecast for Canada -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2016: 101.8
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 99.89
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2016: 99.82
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 99.91
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 101.3
     2030: 100.8
     2060: 98.99
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 118.1
     2030: 109.8
     2060: 101.7
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 59.71
     2030: 64.72
     2060: 68.48
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2016: 12.23
     2030: 12.85
     2060: 14.13
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2016: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Canada
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2016: 0.012
     2030: 0.009
     2060: 0.007
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2016: 0.012
     2030: 0.009
     2060: 0.007
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2016: 0.990
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2016: 1.087
     2030: 0.924
     2060: 0.812
Calories per capita available - Total - Available per Person per Day - -
     2016: 3,576
     2030: 3,643
     2060: 3,631
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2016: 1.079
     2030: 0.981
     2060: 0.381
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2016: 1.515
     2030: 1.514
     2060: 1.389

Economy Forecast for Canada
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 1,575
     2030: 2,025
     2060: 3,062
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 1,954
     2030: 2,428
     2060: 3,425
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 43.46
     2030: 50.53
     2060: 70.76
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2016: 0.338
     2030: 0.349
     2060: 0.380
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2016: 51.47
     2030: 42.35
     2060: 39.65
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2016: 56.93
     2030: 63.98
     2060: 72.26

Energy Forecast for Canada
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2016: 0.933
     2030: 1.803
     2060: 0.681

Environment Forecast for Canada
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2016: 0.139
     2030: 0.151
     2060: 0.097

International Politics Forecast for Canada
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2016: 1.171
     2030: 1.035
     2060: 0.859

Domestic Government Forecast for Canada
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2016: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2016: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2016: 8.786
     2030: 9.710
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2016: 4.260
     2030: 4.303
     2060: 4.445
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2016: 7.896
     2030: 7.960
     2060: 8.138