Country Profile - Canada      IFs Version 7.24
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Canada
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Canada -
Population - Million People - -
     2016: 36.24
     2030: 40.07
     2060: 43.24
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2016: 0.953
     2030: 0.560
     2060: 0.063
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2016: 10.73
     2030: 9.738
     2060: 9.439
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2016: 7.449
     2030: 9.116
     2060: 11.73
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2016: 4.356
     2030: 3.095
     2060: 1.618
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2016: 82.44
     2030: 83.88
     2060: 86.40
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2016: 80.45
     2030: 81.75
     2060: 83.94
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2016: 84.40
     2030: 85.98
     2060: 88.79
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2016: 1.577
     2030: 1.635
     2060: 1.731
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2016: 0.200
     2030: 0.173
     2060: 0.064
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2016: 1.923
     2030: 1.972
     2060: 2.050
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2016: 5.782
     2030: 6.128
     2060: 6.299
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2016: 24.45
     2030: 24.52
     2060: 24.85
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2016: 6.006
     2030: 9.426
     2060: 12.09
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2016: 29.80
     2030: 35.04
     2060: 39.78
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2016: 0.550
     2030: 0.507
     2060: 0.478
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2016: 47.69
     2030: 49.51
     2060: 49.98

Health Forecast for Canada -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2016: 31.40
     2030: 32.56
     2060: 32.64
Smoking Rate - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2016: 15.74
     2030: 14.78
     2060: 14.77
Malnourished children as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2016: 1.811
     2030: 1.812
     2060: 1.968
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2016: 1.867
     2030: 2.502
     2060: 3.308
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2016: 4.523
     2030: 3.509
     2060: 2.457

Education Forecast for Canada -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2016: 101.5
     2030: 99.94
     2060: 99.85
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2016: 99.82
     2030: 99.94
     2060: 99.84
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 101.0
     2030: 100.5
     2060: 98.34
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 118.1
     2030: 109.0
     2060: 100.3
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2016: 59.53
     2030: 63.57
     2060: 67.17
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2016: 12.23
     2030: 12.82
     2060: 14.03
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2016: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Canada
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2016: 0.012
     2030: 0.009
     2060: 0.008
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2016: 0.012
     2030: 0.009
     2060: 0.008
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2016: 0.990
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2016: 1.087
     2030: 0.925
     2060: 0.812
Calories per capita available - Total - Available per Person per Day - -
     2016: 3,576
     2030: 3,644
     2060: 3,648
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2016: 1.079
     2030: 0.981
     2060: 0.378
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2016: 1.515
     2030: 1.514
     2060: 1.385

Economy Forecast for Canada
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 1,575
     2030: 2,022
     2060: 2,996
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 1,954
     2030: 2,425
     2060: 3,352
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2016: 43.46
     2030: 50.46
     2060: 69.30
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2016: 0.338
     2030: 0.350
     2060: 0.382
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2016: 51.46
     2030: 42.37
     2060: 39.66
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2016: 56.30
     2030: 62.91
     2060: 71.43

Energy Forecast for Canada
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2016: 0.933
     2030: 1.803
     2060: 0.669

Environment Forecast for Canada
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2016: 0.139
     2030: 0.151
     2060: 0.097

International Politics Forecast for Canada
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2016: 1.171
     2030: 1.038
     2060: 0.892

Domestic Government Forecast for Canada
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2016: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2016: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2016: 8.786
     2030: 9.702
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2016: 4.260
     2030: 4.303
     2060: 4.434
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2016: 7.896
     2030: 7.959
     2060: 8.129