Country Profile - Canada      IFs Version 7.15
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Canada
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Canada -
Population - Million People - -
     2015: 35.79
     2030: 39.85
     2060: 43.61
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2015: 0.961
     2030: 0.556
     2060: 0.139
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2015: 11.35
     2030: 9.993
     2060: 9.848
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2015: 7.916
     2030: 9.400
     2060: 11.64
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2015: 4.446
     2030: 3.018
     2060: 1.490
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2015: 81.53
     2030: 83.23
     2060: 85.92
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2015: 79.13
     2030: 80.67
     2060: 83.01
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2015: 83.88
     2030: 85.73
     2060: 88.73
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2015: 1.672
     2030: 1.699
     2060: 1.775
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2015: 0.212
     2030: 0.171
     2060: 0.056
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2015: 2.360
     2030: 2.410
     2060: 2.585
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2015: 5.800
     2030: 6.274
     2060: 6.604
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2015: 24.22
     2030: 24.41
     2060: 25.21
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2015: 5.766
     2030: 9.168
     2060: 11.79
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2015: 29.08
     2030: 33.88
     2060: 38.91
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2015: 0.546
     2030: 0.500
     2060: 0.473
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2015: 48.31
     2030: 49.67
     2060: 49.99

Health Forecast for Canada -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2015: 31.75
     2030: 31.74
     2060: 31.68
Smoking Rate - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2015: 19.21
     2030: 18.67
     2060: 18.65
Malnourished children as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2015: 1.818
     2030: 1.946
     2060: 2.199
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2015: 1.232
     2030: 1.459
     2060: 1.048
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2015: 4.144
     2030: 3.775
     2060: 2.865

Education Forecast for Canada -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2015: 100.3
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.1
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2015: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 99.97
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2015: 101.3
     2030: 99.82
     2060: 100.0
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2015: 103.4
     2030: 99.89
     2060: 99.93
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2015: 63.77
     2030: 67.40
     2060: 69.44
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2015: 12.51
     2030: 13.33
     2060: 14.64
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2015: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Canada
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2015: 0.094
     2030: 0.039
     2060: 0.013
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2015: 0.094
     2030: 0.039
     2060: 0.013
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2015: 0.986
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2015: 1.126
     2030: 0.966
     2060: 0.879
Calories per capita available - Available per Person per Day - -
     2015: 3,422
     2030: 3,421
     2060: 3,417
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2015: 1.074
     2030: 0.944
     2060: 0.323
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2015: 1.524
     2030: 1.512
     2060: 1.394

Economy Forecast for Canada
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2015: 1,566
     2030: 2,130
     2060: 3,682
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2015: 1,932
     2030: 2,534
     2060: 4,087
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2015: 43.75
     2030: 53.45
     2060: 84.45
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2015: 0.338
     2030: 0.341
     2060: 0.364
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2015: 32.36
     2030: 34.78
     2060: 36.28
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2015: 57.81
     2030: 66.59
     2060: 74.41

Energy Forecast for Canada
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2015: 0.966
     2030: 1.299
     2060: 0.286

Environment Forecast for Canada
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2015: 0.145
     2030: 0.149
     2060: 0.075

International Politics Forecast for Canada
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2015: 1.291
     2030: 1.085
     2060: 0.792

Domestic Government Forecast for Canada
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2015: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2015: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2015: 9.277
     2030: 10.00
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2015: 4.312
     2030: 4.385
     2060: 4.576
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2015: 8.067
     2030: 8.168
     2060: 8.409