Country Profile - Canada      IFs Version 7.30
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Canada
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Canada -
Population - Million People - -
     2017: 36.60
     2030: 40.20
     2060: 43.42
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2017: 0.950
     2030: 0.579
     2060: 0.048
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2017: 10.70
     2030: 9.790
     2060: 9.419
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2017: 7.423
     2030: 8.979
     2060: 11.86
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2017: 4.331
     2030: 3.145
     2060: 1.637
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2017: 82.48
     2030: 83.81
     2060: 86.24
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2017: 80.51
     2030: 81.70
     2060: 83.77
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2017: 84.43
     2030: 85.87
     2060: 88.64
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2017: 1.571
     2030: 1.627
     2060: 1.724
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2017: 0.195
     2030: 0.160
     2060: 0.052
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2017: 1.939
     2030: 1.991
     2060: 2.055
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2017: 5.837
     2030: 6.150
     2060: 6.309
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2017: 24.70
     2030: 24.72
     2060: 25.01
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2017: 6.067
     2030: 9.321
     2060: 12.10
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2017: 30.13
     2030: 35.05
     2060: 39.95
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2017: 0.545
     2030: 0.504
     2060: 0.474
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2017: 47.69
     2030: 49.45
     2060: 49.98

Health Forecast for Canada -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2017: 33.86
     2030: 35.57
     2060: 37.91
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2017: 15.74
     2030: 14.79
     2060: 14.77
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2017: 2.002
     2030: 1.946
     2060: 1.926
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2017: 2.095
     2030: 1.976
     2060: 1.929
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2017: 1.384
     2030: 1.144
     2060: 0.881

Education Forecast for Canada -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2017: 100.8
     2030: 100.9
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2017: 94.82
     2030: 99.83
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 99.91
     2030: 101.5
     2060: 100.0
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 117.7
     2030: 109.1
     2060: 100.0
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 60.02
     2030: 69.21
     2060: 71.74
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2017: 12.23
     2030: 12.87
     2060: 14.24
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2017: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Canada
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2017: 0.012
     2030: 0.009
     2060: 0.008
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2017: 0.012
     2030: 0.009
     2060: 0.008
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2017: 0.991
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2017: 1.114
     2030: 0.959
     2060: 0.815
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2017: 3,477
     2030: 3,570
     2060: 3,693
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2017: 1.079
     2030: 0.992
     2060: 0.398
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2017: 1.515
     2030: 1.516
     2060: 1.391

Economy Forecast for Canada
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 1,600
     2030: 2,011
     2060: 2,915
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 1,984
     2030: 2,414
     2060: 3,267
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 43.73
     2030: 50.02
     2060: 67.14
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2017: 0.338
     2030: 0.349
     2060: 0.381
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2017: 48.91
     2030: 40.89
     2060: 38.02
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2017: 57.50
     2030: 67.56
     2060: 73.48

Energy Forecast for Canada
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2017: 1.296
     2030: 2.499
     2060: 3.012

Environment Forecast for Canada
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2017: 0.134
     2030: 0.141
     2060: 0.129

International Politics Forecast for Canada
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2017: 1.151
     2030: 1.067
     2060: 0.935

Domestic Government Forecast for Canada
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2017: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2017: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2017: 8.807
     2030: 9.637
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2017: 4.263
     2030: 4.303
     2060: 4.337
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2017: 7.899
     2030: 7.959
     2060: 8.044