Country Profile - Canada      IFs Version 7.00
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Canada
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Canada -
Population - Million People - -
     2014: 35.27
     2030: 39.12
     2060: 42.29
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2014: 0.842
     2030: 0.495
     2060: 0.206
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2014: 11.56
     2030: 10.00
     2060: 9.963
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2014: 7.856
     2030: 9.598
     2060: 11.79
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2014: 4.619
     2030: 3.155
     2060: 1.614
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2014: 81.37
     2030: 83.05
     2060: 85.72
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2014: 78.98
     2030: 80.49
     2060: 82.82
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2014: 83.71
     2030: 85.56
     2060: 88.53
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2014: 1.712
     2030: 1.724
     2060: 1.791
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2014: 0.213
     2030: 0.171
     2060: 0.056
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2014: 2.367
     2030: 2.371
     2060: 2.525
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2014: 5.737
     2030: 6.188
     2060: 6.465
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2014: 23.98
     2030: 23.83
     2060: 24.43
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2014: 5.557
     2030: 9.097
     2060: 11.40
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2014: 28.92
     2030: 34.29
     2060: 38.91
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2014: 0.550
     2030: 0.500
     2060: 0.475
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2014: 48.12
     2030: 49.67
     2060: 49.99

Health Forecast for Canada -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2014: 31.58
     2030: 32.23
     2060: 34.14
Smoking Rate - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2014: 21.24
     2030: 20.61
     2060: 20.14
Malnourished children as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2014: 1.821
     2030: 1.901
     2060: 1.996
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2014: 1.370
     2030: 1.402
     2060: 0.061
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2014: 4.467
     2030: 3.029
     2060: 0.907

Education Forecast for Canada -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2014: 100.3
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 99.99
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2014: 99.97
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 99.99
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2014: 101.1
     2030: 99.27
     2060: 99.76
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2014: 103.1
     2030: 99.36
     2060: 99.81
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2014: 63.33
     2030: 66.59
     2060: 68.15
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2014: 11.70
     2030: 12.43
     2060: 13.59
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2014: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Canada
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation - Million People - -
     2014: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation - Million People - -
     2014: 0.000
     2030: 0.000
     2060: 0.000
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2014: 0.975
     2030: 0.994
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2014: 1.150
     2030: 0.982
     2060: 0.846
Calories per capita available - Available per Person per Day - -
     2014: 3,412
     2030: 3,449
     2060: 3,556
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2014: 1.083
     2030: 0.986
     2060: 0.500
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2014: 1.520
     2030: 1.501
     2060: 1.355

Economy Forecast for Canada
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2005 Dollars - -
     2014: 1,303
     2030: 1,701
     2060: 2,738
Gross domestic product - Billion 2005 Dollars - -
     2014: 1,305
     2030: 1,703
     2060: 2,740
GDP per capita at PPP - Thousand 2005 Dollars - -
     2014: 36.93
     2030: 43.47
     2060: 64.74
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2014: 0.326
     2030: 0.332
     2060: 0.355
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2014: 72.42
     2030: 69.10
     2060: 66.61
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2014: 58.94
     2030: 70.01
     2060: 78.12

Energy Forecast for Canada
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2014: 0.915
     2030: 1.273
     2060: 0.327

Environment Forecast for Canada
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2014: 0.142
     2030: 0.146
     2060: 0.075

International Politics Forecast for Canada
Power index (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2014: 1.337
     2030: 1.090
     2060: 0.818

Domestic Government Forecast for Canada
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2014: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2014: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2014: 9.070
     2030: 9.773
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2014: 4.292
     2030: 4.328
     2060: 4.444
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2014: 8.051
     2030: 8.139
     2060: 8.348