Country Profile - Canada      IFs Version 7.31
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Canada
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Canada -
Population - Million People - -
     2017: 36.60
     2030: 40.13
     2060: 43.39
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2017: 0.942
     2030: 0.563
     2060: 0.072
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2017: 10.76
     2030: 9.784
     2060: 9.482
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2017: 7.602
     2030: 9.160
     2060: 11.72
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2017: 4.188
     2030: 3.021
     2060: 1.532
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2017: 82.44
     2030: 83.78
     2060: 86.27
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2017: 80.41
     2030: 81.61
     2060: 83.76
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2017: 84.45
     2030: 85.90
     2060: 88.71
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2017: 1.581
     2030: 1.637
     2060: 1.731
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2017: 0.195
     2030: 0.160
     2060: 0.052
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2017: 1.924
     2030: 1.988
     2060: 2.066
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2017: 5.842
     2030: 6.164
     2060: 6.345
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2017: 24.52
     2030: 24.56
     2060: 25.01
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2017: 6.234
     2030: 9.403
     2060: 12.04
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2017: 30.12
     2030: 35.03
     2060: 39.92
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2017: 0.545
     2030: 0.505
     2060: 0.478
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2017: 47.74
     2030: 49.47
     2060: 49.98

Health Forecast for Canada -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2017: 33.87
     2030: 35.66
     2060: 38.12
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2017: 15.74
     2030: 14.77
     2060: 14.75
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2017: 2.001
     2030: 1.937
     2060: 1.904
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2017: 1.986
     2030: 1.833
     2060: 1.772
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2017: 1.389
     2030: 1.139
     2060: 0.861

Education Forecast for Canada -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2017: 100.8
     2030: 100.9
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2017: 94.84
     2030: 99.84
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 99.91
     2030: 101.4
     2060: 100.0
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 117.8
     2030: 109.1
     2060: 100.0
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 60.31
     2030: 74.03
     2060: 81.70
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2017: 12.24
     2030: 12.92
     2060: 14.42
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2017: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Canada
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2017: 0.013
     2030: 0.012
     2060: 0.013
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2017: 0.187
     2030: 0.163
     2060: 0.137
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2017: 0.991
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2017: 1.104
     2030: 0.949
     2060: 0.800
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2017: 3,478
     2030: 3,575
     2060: 3,703
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2017: 1.079
     2030: 0.993
     2060: 0.406
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2017: 1.516
     2030: 1.518
     2060: 1.404

Economy Forecast for Canada
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 1,610
     2030: 2,033
     2060: 3,082
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 1,994
     2030: 2,441
     2060: 3,453
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 43.98
     2030: 50.66
     2060: 71.04
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2017: 0.339
     2030: 0.354
     2060: 0.393
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2017: 48.04
     2030: 40.35
     2060: 37.50
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2017: 57.80
     2030: 73.55
     2060: 78.71

Energy Forecast for Canada
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2017: 1.296
     2030: 2.535
     2060: 3.060

Environment Forecast for Canada
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2017: 0.134
     2030: 0.141
     2060: 0.132

International Politics Forecast for Canada
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2017: 1.146
     2030: 1.069
     2060: 0.971

Domestic Government Forecast for Canada
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2017: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2017: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2017: 8.826
     2030: 9.702
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2017: 4.265
     2030: 4.310
     2060: 4.372
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2017: 7.900
     2030: 7.964
     2060: 8.073