Country Profile - Australia      IFs Version 7.26
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Australia
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Australia -
Population - Million People - -
     2017: 24.49
     2030: 28.06
     2060: 33.94
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2017: 1.260
     2030: 0.922
     2060: 0.380
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2017: 13.08
     2030: 11.67
     2060: 10.85
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2017: 6.809
     2030: 7.804
     2060: 9.914
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2017: 3.496
     2030: 2.464
     2060: 1.281
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2017: 82.95
     2030: 84.37
     2060: 86.83
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2017: 80.83
     2030: 82.15
     2060: 84.31
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2017: 85.06
     2030: 86.56
     2060: 89.31
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2017: 1.873
     2030: 1.885
     2060: 1.891
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2017: 0.093
     2030: 0.081
     2060: 0.030
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2017: 1.553
     2030: 1.629
     2060: 1.840
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2017: 4.592
     2030: 5.001
     2060: 5.604
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2017: 16.06
     2030: 17.48
     2060: 19.85
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2017: 3.843
     2030: 5.575
     2060: 8.487
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2017: 22.19
     2030: 25.81
     2060: 31.22
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2017: 0.521
     2030: 0.505
     2060: 0.479
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2017: 46.23
     2030: 48.43
     2060: 49.79

Health Forecast for Australia -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2017: 34.72
     2030: 36.59
     2060: 37.62
Smoking Rate - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2017: 15.57
     2030: 14.94
     2060: 14.93
Malnourished children as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2017: 0.292
     2030: 0.569
     2060: 1.199
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2017: 0.000
     2030: 0.665
     2060: 1.142
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2017: 4.363
     2030: 3.280
     2060: 2.207

Education Forecast for Australia -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2017: 105.6
     2030: 99.98
     2060: 100.00
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2017: 98.35
     2030: 99.52
     2060: 99.99
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 117.5
     2030: 115.2
     2060: 113.9
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 135.5
     2030: 116.3
     2060: 101.5
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 83.29
     2030: 85.19
     2060: 81.33
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2017: 12.45
     2030: 13.14
     2060: 14.55
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2017: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Australia
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2017: 0.027
     2030: 0.013
     2060: 0.008
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2017: 0.027
     2030: 0.013
     2060: 0.008
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2017: 0.996
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2017: 0.915
     2030: 0.774
     2060: 0.660
Calories per capita available - Total - Available per Person per Day - -
     2017: 3,425
     2030: 3,519
     2060: 3,570
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2017: 1.100
     2030: 1.001
     2060: 0.343
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2017: 1.935
     2030: 1.951
     2060: 1.780

Economy Forecast for Australia
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 1,127
     2030: 1,583
     2060: 2,684
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 1,638
     2030: 2,168
     2060: 3,244
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 46.00
     2030: 56.40
     2060: 79.10
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2017: 0.351
     2030: 0.355
     2060: 0.383
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2017: 48.92
     2030: 41.79
     2060: 40.44
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2017: 78.18
     2030: 84.43
     2060: 84.90

Energy Forecast for Australia
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2017: 0.122
     2030: 0.078
     2060: 0.011

Environment Forecast for Australia
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2017: 0.107
     2030: 0.119
     2060: 0.079

International Politics Forecast for Australia
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2017: 1.051
     2030: 1.019
     2060: 0.889

Domestic Government Forecast for Australia
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2017: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2017: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2017: 9.143
     2030: 10.00
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2017: 4.123
     2030: 4.214
     2060: 4.384
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2017: 7.859
     2030: 7.941
     2060: 8.101