Country Profile - Australia      IFs Version 7.30
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Australia
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Australia -
Population - Million People - -
     2017: 24.56
     2030: 28.20
     2060: 34.13
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2017: 1.273
     2030: 0.936
     2060: 0.374
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2017: 13.08
     2030: 11.70
     2060: 10.84
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2017: 6.685
     2030: 7.695
     2060: 9.956
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2017: 3.534
     2030: 2.376
     2060: 1.176
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2017: 82.88
     2030: 84.34
     2060: 86.74
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2017: 80.79
     2030: 82.15
     2060: 84.25
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2017: 84.98
     2030: 86.51
     2060: 89.18
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2017: 1.866
     2030: 1.879
     2060: 1.886
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2017: 0.096
     2030: 0.126
     2060: 0.171
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2017: 1.565
     2030: 1.647
     2060: 1.850
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2017: 4.596
     2030: 5.041
     2060: 5.633
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2017: 16.18
     2030: 17.62
     2060: 19.98
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2017: 3.778
     2030: 5.540
     2060: 8.515
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2017: 22.10
     2030: 25.94
     2060: 31.40
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2017: 0.515
     2030: 0.499
     2060: 0.473
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2017: 45.97
     2030: 48.32
     2060: 49.78

Health Forecast for Australia -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2017: 39.35
     2030: 42.08
     2060: 46.10
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2017: 15.72
     2030: 14.95
     2060: 14.95
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2017: 2.000
     2030: 1.931
     2060: 1.899
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2017: 2.223
     2030: 2.707
     2060: 3.663
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2017: 1.371
     2030: 1.096
     2060: 0.825

Education Forecast for Australia -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2017: 106.1
     2030: 101.5
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2017: 95.19
     2030: 99.90
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 111.1
     2030: 108.3
     2060: 100.0
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 136.8
     2030: 119.6
     2060: 100.0
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2017: 85.89
     2030: 87.84
     2060: 87.48
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2017: 12.60
     2030: 13.80
     2060: 15.73
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2017: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Australia
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2017: 0.029
     2030: 0.015
     2060: 0.013
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2017: 0.029
     2030: 0.015
     2060: 0.013
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2017: 0.996
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2017: 1.036
     2030: 0.902
     2060: 0.784
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2017: 3,352
     2030: 3,476
     2060: 3,649
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2017: 1.102
     2030: 1.012
     2060: 0.362
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2017: 1.930
     2030: 1.953
     2060: 1.784

Economy Forecast for Australia
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 1,121
     2030: 1,575
     2060: 2,616
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 1,640
     2030: 2,170
     2060: 3,175
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2017: 45.65
     2030: 55.87
     2060: 76.64
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2017: 0.350
     2030: 0.357
     2060: 0.388
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2017: 45.78
     2030: 39.07
     2060: 37.86
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2017: 81.78
     2030: 81.14
     2060: 84.98

Energy Forecast for Australia
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2017: 0.107
     2030: 0.065
     2060: 0.009

Environment Forecast for Australia
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2017: 0.107
     2030: 0.107
     2060: 0.072

International Politics Forecast for Australia
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2017: 1.079
     2030: 1.076
     2060: 0.955

Domestic Government Forecast for Australia
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2017: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2017: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2017: 9.048
     2030: 10.00
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2017: 4.114
     2030: 4.221
     2060: 4.391
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2017: 7.852
     2030: 7.950
     2060: 8.112