Country Profile - Australia      IFs Version 7.31
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Learn more about the International Futures (IFs) forecasting system and the Pardee Center for International Futures at the University of Denver.
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     Forecast Categories for Australia
     Population
     Health
     Education
     Social/Human Needs
     Economy
     Energy
     Environment
     International Politics
     Domestic Government

Population Forecast for Australia -
Population - Million People - -
     2018: 24.67
     2030: 27.93
     2060: 33.81
Population growth rate - Annual Percent - -
     2018: 1.232
     2030: 0.929
     2060: 0.374
Crude birthrate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 12.90
     2030: 11.62
     2060: 10.76
Crude death rate - per Thousand - -
     2018: 6.863
     2030: 7.713
     2060: 9.907
Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births - Deaths per Thousand Infants - -
     2018: 3.169
     2030: 2.171
     2060: 1.054
Life expectancy - Total - Years - -
     2018: 83.13
     2030: 84.50
     2060: 86.90
Life expectancy - Male - Years - -
     2018: 81.12
     2030: 82.40
     2060: 84.52
Life expectancy - Female - Years - -
     2018: 85.12
     2030: 86.56
     2060: 89.24
Total fertility rate (births per woman over lifetime) - Births per Woman - -
     2018: 1.843
     2030: 1.865
     2060: 1.877
HIV infection, rate, percentage of adult population - Percent - -
     2018: 0.100
     2030: 0.126
     2060: 0.171
Population, aged 0 to 5 - Million People - -
     2018: 1.547
     2030: 1.617
     2060: 1.817
Population, aged 15 years or less - Million People - -
     2018: 4.649
     2030: 4.953
     2060: 5.535
Population, aged 15 to 65 - Million People - -
     2018: 16.10
     2030: 17.47
     2060: 19.80
Population, aged more than 65 years - Million People - -
     2018: 3.922
     2030: 5.504
     2060: 8.467
Population in urban areas - Million People - -
     2018: 22.53
     2030: 25.70
     2060: 31.10
Labor participation rate - Ratio - -
     2018: 0.522
     2030: 0.509
     2060: 0.482
Female share of the labor force - Percent of Labor Force - -
     2018: 46.42
     2030: 48.46
     2060: 49.81

Health Forecast for Australia -
Obesity Rate - Total - Percent of Adults 30 Years and Older - -
     2018: 39.67
     2030: 42.25
     2060: 46.40
Smoking Rate (Adults 30+) - Total - Percent of Adults - -
     2018: 15.56
     2030: 14.95
     2060: 14.94
Malnourished children (under 5) as percent - Percent of All Children - -
     2018: 1.988
     2030: 1.919
     2060: 1.882
Malnourished children as percent, Smith and Haddad Formulation - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 2.332
     2030: 2.643
     2060: 3.608
Malnourished population as percent - Percent of Population - -
     2018: 1.336
     2030: 1.079
     2060: 0.798

Education Forecast for Australia -
Education, primary, enrollment rate, gross - Total - Enrollment Rate - -
     2018: 106.0
     2030: 101.5
     2060: 100.0
Education, primary, enrollment rate, net - Total - Percent of Children Enrolled - -
     2018: 95.45
     2030: 99.90
     2060: 100.0
Education, Lower Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 110.8
     2030: 108.5
     2060: 100.0
Education, Upper Secondary, gross enrollment (% of age group) - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 135.2
     2030: 119.8
     2060: 100.0
Education, tertiary, gross enrolment rate - Total - Percent - -
     2018: 85.79
     2030: 87.57
     2060: 89.94
Education, years obtained by population 25+ - Total - Years Completed - -
     2018: 12.70
     2030: 13.86
     2060: 15.77
Literacy, percentage of population, 15 and older - Percent of Population 15 and Older - -
     2018: 100.0
     2030: 100.0
     2060: 100.0

Social/Human Needs Forecast for Australia
Population with income less than $1.25 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 0.028
     2030: 0.013
     2060: 0.010
Population with income less than $2 per day, log normal computation (using 2005 ICP based survey data) - Million People - -
     2018: 0.291
     2030: 0.163
     2060: 0.106
Human development index, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 0.998
     2030: 1.000
     2060: 1.000
Human poverty index 1, UN Development Program's measure - Index - -
     2018: 1.003
     2030: 0.882
     2060: 0.769
Calories per capita available - Total - Kilocalories per Person per Day - -
     2018: 3,367
     2030: 3,484
     2060: 3,662
Traditional/Secular-Rational index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 1.101
     2030: 1.014
     2060: 0.379
Survival/self-expression index - Total - Index - -
     2018: 1.935
     2030: 1.957
     2060: 1.806

Economy Forecast for Australia
Gross domestic product at PPP - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 1,153
     2030: 1,604
     2060: 2,783
Gross domestic product - Billion 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 1,694
     2030: 2,226
     2060: 3,392
GDP per capita at PPP (2011 Thousand US Dollars) - Thousand 2011 Dollars - -
     2018: 46.72
     2030: 57.41
     2060: 82.31
Domestic GINI index of inequality (larger is more unequal, from 0 to 1) - Index - -
     2018: 0.350
     2030: 0.357
     2060: 0.386
Globalization level index, base years values from 0-100 (highest) - Index - -
     2018: 44.22
     2030: 38.39
     2060: 37.35
Knowledge society index; base year 0-100 (better) - Index - -
     2018: 80.84
     2030: 85.32
     2060: 85.45

Energy Forecast for Australia
Energy production - Oil - Billion Barrels Oil Equivalent - -
     2018: 0.102
     2030: 0.065
     2060: 0.009

Environment Forecast for Australia
Annual carbon emissions from fossil fuels - Billion Tons - -
     2018: 0.107
     2030: 0.108
     2060: 0.074

International Politics Forecast for Australia
Power index, Hillebrand Herman (percent of global total) - Index - -
     2018: 1.073
     2030: 1.107
     2060: 1.015

Domestic Government Forecast for Australia
Freedom House freedom indicator (higher is more democratic;2-14;reversed from Freedom House) - Index - -
     2018: 14.00
     2030: 14.00
     2060: 14.00
Democracy, Polity index (Range: 0-20; higher is better) - Index - -
     2018: 20.00
     2030: 20.00
     2060: 20.00
Government corruption perception, based on TI (higher is less corrupt) - Index - -
     2018: 9.188
     2030: 10.00
     2060: 10.00
Government effectiveness (quality), factor score; higher is better - Index - -
     2018: 4.127
     2030: 4.239
     2060: 4.434
Economic freedom, Fraser Institute/Econ Freedom Network freedom indicator (higher more free) - Index - -
     2018: 7.863
     2030: 7.965
     2060: 8.149